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Desajuste educativo y competencias cognitivas: efectos sobre los salarios

Listed author(s):
  • Lucia Mateos

    ()

    (Universidad de Extremadura)

  • Ines Murillo

    ()

    (Universidad de Extremadura)

  • Maria del Mar Salinas

    ()

    (Universidad de Extremadura)

Registered author(s):

    Este trabajo analiza los rendimientos de la educación y del desajuste educativo en España teniendo en cuenta no solo los años de educación recibida por los trabajadores sino también las competencias básicas que estos han adquirido realmente. Utilizando la base de datos PIAAC, los resultados obtenidos indican que tanto los años de educación como las competencias adquiridas contribuyen a determinarlos salarios, siendo mayor el rendimiento asociado a los años de educación cuanto mayor es el nivel de competencias alcanzado. Se observa además que los rendimientos asociados a los años de desajuste educativo varían en función de las competencias adquiridas por los trabajadores, con una prima (penalización) por los años de sobreeducación (infraeducación) mayor entre los trabajadores con mayor (menor) nivel de competencias. Por último, se constata que desajuste educativo y desajuste en competencias son dos fenómenos distintos en el mercado de trabajo español, siendo el desajuste educativo el que contribuye a explicar las diferencias salariales existentes entre trabajadores que ocupan un puesto de trabajo similar.

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    File URL: http://www.ief.es/documentos/recursos/publicaciones/revistas/hac_pub/210_Art4.pdf
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    Article provided by IEF in its journal Hacienda Pública Española/Review of Public Economics.

    Volume (Year): 210 (2014)
    Issue (Month): 3 (September)
    Pages: 85-108

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    Handle: RePEc:hpe:journl:y:2014:v:210:i:3:p:85-108
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