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Desajuste educativo y competencias cognitivas: efectos sobre los salarios

Author

Listed:
  • Lucia Mateos

    () (Universidad de Extremadura)

  • Ines Murillo

    () (Universidad de Extremadura)

  • Maria del Mar Salinas

    () (Universidad de Extremadura)

Abstract

Este trabajo analiza los rendimientos de la educación y del desajuste educativo en España teniendo en cuenta no solo los años de educación recibida por los trabajadores sino también las competencias básicas que estos han adquirido realmente. Utilizando la base de datos PIAAC, los resultados obtenidos indican que tanto los años de educación como las competencias adquiridas contribuyen a determinarlos salarios, siendo mayor el rendimiento asociado a los años de educación cuanto mayor es el nivel de competencias alcanzado. Se observa además que los rendimientos asociados a los años de desajuste educativo varían en función de las competencias adquiridas por los trabajadores, con una prima (penalización) por los años de sobreeducación (infraeducación) mayor entre los trabajadores con mayor (menor) nivel de competencias. Por último, se constata que desajuste educativo y desajuste en competencias son dos fenómenos distintos en el mercado de trabajo español, siendo el desajuste educativo el que contribuye a explicar las diferencias salariales existentes entre trabajadores que ocupan un puesto de trabajo similar.

Suggested Citation

  • Lucia Mateos & Ines Murillo & Maria del Mar Salinas, 2014. "Desajuste educativo y competencias cognitivas: efectos sobre los salarios," Hacienda Pública Española, IEF, vol. 210(3), pages 85-108, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:hpe:journl:y:2014:v:210:i:3:p:85-108
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Lucía Mateos Romero & María del Mar Salinas Jiménez, 2016. "El uso de las competencias en el puesto de trabajo: un análisis para el caso español con PIAAC," Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación volume 11,in: José Manuel Cordero Ferrera & Rosa Simancas Rodríguez (ed.), Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación 11, edition 1, volume 11, chapter 44, pages 795-822 Asociación de Economía de la Educación.
    2. Mª Covadonga De la Iglesia Villasol & Fátima Herranz González, 2015. "El desajuste educativo en España. Una comparativa entre 2007 y 2012," Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación volume 10,in: Marta Rahona López & Jennifer Graves (ed.), Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación 10, edition 1, volume 10, chapter 29, pages 573-596 Asociación de Economía de la Educación.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    desajuste educativo; competencias cognitivas; rendimientos educativos.;

    JEL classification:

    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials

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