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El desajuste educativo en España. Una comparativa entre 2007 y 2012

In: Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación 10

Listed author(s):
  • Mª Covadonga De la Iglesia Villasol

    ()

    (Universidad Complutense de Madrid)

  • Fátima Herranz González

    ()

    (Banco de España)

La expansión de la educación experimentada en las últimas décadas responde a la generación de expectativas positivas en términos de desarrollo personal, laboral y económico. Este fenómeno, mantenido durante varias décadas, ha dado lugar a un notable desajuste educativo en el mercado de trabajo, del que se han hecho eco numerosos trabajos empíricos en el ámbito de la economía laboral y de la educación. Cabe preguntarse si realmente resulta rentable invertir en más años de educación con el objetivo de obtener mayores rentas, o si por el contrario los trabajadores sobreeducados ingresan menos que aquellos ocupados en puestos acordes a su nivel educativo. En base a estas cuestiones, los cambios recientes en el contexto económico y el mercado laboral español sugieren también cambios en los rendimientos de la educación y el desajuste educativo. En el trabajo se realiza un ejercicio descriptivo y comparativo de los datos obtenidos de la Encuesta de Condiciones de Vida 2007 y 2012, haciendo hincapié en la medición del desajuste educativo y su reflejo en los niveles salariales. Se aportan diversas especificaciones econométricas, desde la Ecuación Minceriana a los modelos de Verdugo y Verdugo, o Duncan y Hoffman, con aproximaciones MCO y por variables instrumentales. Los resultados obtenidos a través de las diferentes especificaciones de la ecuación de salarios muestran evidencia de cambios significativos entre 2007 y 2012, fundamentalmente en relación al sexo y la edad del trabajador, vinculados a la incidencia de la crisis. Se constata además que la sobreeducación implica una penalización en términos de ingresos, si bien es de menor intensidad en 2012.

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This chapter was published in:
  • Marta Rahona López & Jennifer Graves (ed.), 2015. "Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación," E-books Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación, Asociación de Economía de la Educación, edition 1, volume 10, number 10, August.
  • This item is provided by Asociación de Economía de la Educación in its series Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación volume 10 with number 10-29.
    Handle: RePEc:aec:ieed10:10-29
    Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.economicsofeducation.com

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    1. Buchel, Felix & van Ham, Maarten, 2003. "Overeducation, regional labor markets, and spatial flexibility," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 53(3), pages 482-493, May.
    2. Dolton, Peter & Vignoles, Anna, 2000. "The incidence and effects of overeducation in the U.K. graduate labour market," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 19(2), pages 179-198, April.
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    9. Lucia Mateos & Ines Murillo & Maria del Mar Salinas, 2014. "Desajuste educativo y competencias cognitivas: efectos sobre los salarios," Hacienda Pública Española, IEF, vol. 210(3), pages 85-108, September.
    10. Gérard Lassibille & Isabel Aguilar Ramos & María Lucía Navarro Gómez & Carolina De La O Sanchez, 2001. "Youth Transition from School to Work in Spain," Post-Print halshs-01266336, HAL.
    11. Mª Covadonga De la Iglesia Villasol & Esperanza Gracia Expósito, 2011. "La sobrecualificación y el desajuste educativo de los titulados ¿es una cuestión de género?," Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación volume 6,in: Antonio Caparrós Ruiz (ed.), Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación 6, edition 1, volume 6, chapter 47, pages 737-753 Asociación de Economía de la Educación.
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    13. McGuinness, Seamus & Bennett, Jessica, 2007. "Overeducation in the graduate labour market: A quantile regression approach," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 26(5), pages 521-531, October.
    14. Card, David, 1999. "The causal effect of education on earnings," Handbook of Labor Economics,in: O. Ashenfelter & D. Card (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 30, pages 1801-1863 Elsevier.
    15. Russell W. Rumberger, 1987. "The Impact of Surplus Schooling on Productivity and Earnings," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 22(1), pages 24-50.
    16. Richard R. Verdugo & Naomi Turner Verdugo, 1989. "The Impact of Surplus Schooling on Earnings: Some Additional Findings," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 24(4), pages 629-643.
    17. Tsai, Yuping, 2010. "Returns to overeducation: A longitudinal analysis of the U.S. labor market," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 29(4), pages 606-617, August.
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