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“Overeducation, skills and wage penalty: Evidence for Spain using PIAAC data”

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  • Sandra Nieto

    (Faculty of Economics, University of Barcelona)

Abstract

The literature on educational mismatches finds that overeducated workers suffer a wage penalty compared with properly educated workers with the same level of education. Recent literature also suggests that individuals’ skill heterogeneity could explain wage differences between overeducated and properly matched workers. The hypothesis is that overeducated workers earn less due to their lower competences and skills in relative terms. However, that hypothesis has been rarely tested due to data limitations on individuals’ skills. The aim of this paper is to test the individuals’ skill heterogeneity theory in Spain using microdata from PIAAC, because it is one of the developed countries supporting the highest overeducation rates and where its adult population holds the lowest level of skills among a set of developed countries. Our hypothesis is that the wage penalty of overeducation in Spain is explained by the lower skill level of overeducated workers. The obtained evidence confirms this hypothesis but only to a certain extent as skills only explain partially the wage penalty of overeducation.

Suggested Citation

  • Sandra Nieto, 2014. "“Overeducation, skills and wage penalty: Evidence for Spain using PIAAC data”," AQR Working Papers 201406, University of Barcelona, Regional Quantitative Analysis Group, revised Mar 2014.
  • Handle: RePEc:aqr:wpaper:201406
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    Cited by:

    1. Albiol Sanchez, Judit & Diaz-Serrano, Luis & Teruel, Mercedes, 2020. "The Transition to Self-Employment and Perceived Skill-Mismatches: Panel Data Evidence from Eleven EU Countries," IZA Discussion Papers 13764, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    2. Álvarez de Toledo, Pablo & Núñez, Fernando & Usabiaga, Carlos, 2020. "Matching in segmented labor markets: An analytical proposal based on high-dimensional contingency tables," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 93(C), pages 175-186.
    3. Judit Albiol-Sánchez & Luis Diaz-Serrano & Mercedes Teruel, 2021. "The Transition to Self-Employment and Perceived Skill-Mismatches: Panel Data Evidence from Eleven EU Countries," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 153(3), pages 957-977, February.
    4. Jacobs, Valentine & Rycx, François & Volral, Mélanie, 2021. "Wage Effects of Educational Mismatch According to Workers’ Origin: The Role of Demographics and Firm Characteristics," GLO Discussion Paper Series 966, Global Labor Organization (GLO).
    5. Mysíková Martina, 2016. "Educational mismatch in the Czech Labour Market," Review of Economic Perspectives, Sciendo, vol. 16(2), pages 103-120, June.
    6. Hanol Lee & Jong‐Wha Lee & Eunbi Song, 2016. "Effects of Educational Mistmatch on Wages in the Korean Labor Market," Asian Economic Journal, East Asian Economic Association, vol. 30(4), pages 375-400, December.
    7. Rosario Scandurra & Marco Alberio, 2021. "A Classification of Factors Affecting Adults’ Skills Distribution," SAGE Open, , vol. 11(2), pages 21582440211, May.
    8. Valentine Jacobs & François Rycx & Mélanie Volral, 2021. "Wage Effects of Educational Mismatch According to Workers’ Origin: The Role of Demographics and Firm Characteristics," LIDAM Discussion Papers IRES 2021025, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).
    9. Jacobs, Valentine & Rycx, Francois & Volral, Mélanie, 2021. "Wage Effects of Educational Mismatch According to Workers' Origin: The Role of Demographics and Firm Characteristics," IZA Discussion Papers 14813, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    10. Francesc Obiols-Homs & Virginia Sánchez-Marcos, 2015. "Education, Occupation-Mismatch and Unemployment," Working Papers 807, Barcelona Graduate School of Economics.
    11. Maqbool H. Sial & Ghulam Sarwar & Mubashra Saeed, 2019. "Surplus Education and Earnings Differentials in Pakistan: A Quantile Regression Analysis," Lahore Journal of Economics, Department of Economics, The Lahore School of Economics, vol. 24(2), pages 93-114, July-Dec.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    overeducation; individual’s skill heterogeneity; wages JEL classification: J31; I21; C13;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • C13 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Estimation: General

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