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Effects of Educational Mistmatch on Wages in the Korean Labor Market

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  • Hanol Lee
  • Jong‐Wha Lee
  • Eunbi Song

Abstract

Using data on Korean workers from the Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies, the present study empirically investigates the incidence and wage effects of educational mismatch. Among full‐time workers aged 25–54, approximately 27 percent are overeducated and 15 percent are undereducated. Our results reveal that, after controlling for omitted variable bias and measurement errors, return to an additional year of overeducation is significantly less than that to a year of required education, whereas undereducated workers do not appear to suffer wage penalties associated with their deficit schooling. The findings also show that returns to a year of overeducation vary across fields of study. The returns to overeducation for college graduates from health and welfare, engineering and manufacturing, and social sciences, business and law are relatively high compared with those in agriculture, services, and humanities and arts.

Suggested Citation

  • Hanol Lee & Jong‐Wha Lee & Eunbi Song, 2016. "Effects of Educational Mistmatch on Wages in the Korean Labor Market," Asian Economic Journal, East Asian Economic Association, vol. 30(4), pages 375-400, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:asiaec:v:30:y:2016:i:4:p:375-400
    DOI: 10.1111/asej.12105
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    2. Han, Jong-Suk & Lee, Jong-Wha, 2020. "Demographic change, human capital, and economic growth in Korea," Japan and the World Economy, Elsevier, vol. 53(C).
    3. Zainizam Zakariya & Kristinn Hermanssons & Kho Yin Yin & Noor Fazlin Mohamed Noor, 2019. "Regional Economic Growth in Malaysia: Does Aggregate Overqualification Matter?," Research in World Economy, Research in World Economy, Sciedu Press, vol. 10(5), pages 139-156, December.
    4. Jong-Wha Lee & Dainn Wie, 2017. "Returns to Education and Skills in the Labor Market: Evidence from Japan and Korea," Asian Economic Policy Review, Japan Center for Economic Research, vol. 12(1), pages 139-160, January.
    5. Mamiko Takeuchi, 2021. "Determinants of Earnings and Gender Earnings Gaps among Highly Educated Workers within Major Cities in Asian Countries," Asian Economic Journal, East Asian Economic Association, vol. 35(2), pages 166-186, June.
    6. Maqbool H. Sial & Ghulam Sarwar & Mubashra Saeed, 2019. "Surplus Education and Earnings Differentials in Pakistan: A Quantile Regression Analysis," Lahore Journal of Economics, Department of Economics, The Lahore School of Economics, vol. 24(2), pages 93-114, July-Dec.
    7. Zhen Cui & Yalan Feng, 2017. "Wealthy Hand-to-Mouth Households in China," Asian Economic Journal, East Asian Economic Association, vol. 31(3), pages 275-297, September.
    8. Joongbaeck Kim & Soo-Yeon Yoon, 2018. "Association between socioeconomic attainments and suicidal ideation by age groups in Korea," International Journal of Social Psychiatry, , vol. 64(7), pages 628-636, November.
    9. Tromp, Nikolas, 2019. "The narrowing gender wage gap in South Korea," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 53(C), pages 1-1.

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