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Cross-country differences in graduate overeducation and its persistence

Author

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  • Verhaest Dieter
  • Velden Rolf van der

    (ROA rm)

Abstract

We investigate the factors that contribute to the cross-country variation in graduateovereducation and its persistence by means of multi-level analysis. Our analysis is basedon data from representative surveys among graduates in thirteen European countries andJapan and focuses on the jobs six months and five years after graduation. Major factorsto explain the cross-country variation in overeducation and its persistence are found tobe differences in the structural imbalance between the overall demand and supply ofskilled workers, differences in the imbalance between the demanded and supplied fieldsof study and differences in the business cycle at the time of graduation. Also the qualityand orientation (general versus vocational) of the educational program are important, butparticularly to explain within-country differences. Finally, labour market institutions suchas the strictness of the employment protection legislation are found to be less important.

Suggested Citation

  • Verhaest Dieter & Velden Rolf van der, 2010. "Cross-country differences in graduate overeducation and its persistence," ROA Research Memorandum 007, Maastricht University, Research Centre for Education and the Labour Market (ROA).
  • Handle: RePEc:unm:umaror:2010007
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    File URL: https://cris.maastrichtuniversity.nl/portal/files/1429807/content
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Kiersztyn, Anna, 2013. "Stuck in a mismatch? The persistence of overeducation during twenty years of the post-communist transition in Poland," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 32(C), pages 78-91.
    2. Daniela Rohrbach-Schmidt & Michael Tiemann, 2016. "Educational (Mis)match and skill utilization in Germany: Assessing the role of worker and job characteristics
      [Qualifikatorisches (Mis)matching und die Ausnutzung von fachlichen Kenntnissen und Fäh
      ," Journal for Labour Market Research, Springer;Institute for Employment Research/ Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), vol. 49(2), pages 99-119, October.
    3. Kampelmann, Stephan & Mahy, Benoît & Rycx, Francois & Vermeylen, Guillaume, 2016. "Who Is Your Perfect Match? Educational Norms, Educational Mismatch and Firm Profitability," IZA Discussion Papers 10399, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    4. Haya Stier & Efrat Herzberg-Druker, 2017. "Running Ahead or Running in Place? Educational Expansion and Gender Inequality in the Labor Market," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 130(3), pages 1187-1206, February.
    5. Sandra Nieto, 2015. "Overeducation, skills and wage penalty: Evidence for Spain using PIAAC data," Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación volume 10,in: Marta Rahona López & Jennifer Graves (ed.), Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación 10, edition 1, volume 10, chapter 30, pages 597-616 Asociación de Economía de la Educación.
    6. Erdsiek, Daniel, 2017. "Dynamics of overqualification: Evidence from the early career of graduates," ZEW Discussion Papers 17-020, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
    7. Floro Ernesto Caroleo & Francesco Pastore, 2012. "Overeducation at a glance. Determinants and wage effects of the educational mismatch, looking at the AlmaLaurea data," Discussion Papers 18_2012, CRISEI, University of Naples "Parthenope", Italy.
    8. Samo Pavlin, 2011. "Varieties of Professional Domains and Employability Determinants in Higher Education," Working Papers 36, AlmaLaurea Inter-University Consortium.
    9. Caroleo, Floro Ernesto & Pastore, Francesco, 2017. "Overeducation at a glance. Determinants and wage effects of the educational mismatch based on AlmaLaurea data," GLO Discussion Paper Series 15, Global Labor Organization (GLO).
    10. repec:spr:soinre:v:134:y:2017:i:1:d:10.1007_s11205-016-1423-1 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Rukwid, Ralf, 2012. "Grenzen der Bildungsexpansion? Ausbildungsinadäquate Beschäftigung von Ausbildungs- und Hochschulabsolventen in Deutschland," Violette Reihe: Schriftenreihe des Promotionsschwerpunkts "Globalisierung und Beschäftigung" 37/2012, University of Hohenheim, Carl von Ossietzky University Oldenburg, Evangelisches Studienwerk.
    12. Pernilla Joona & Nabanita Gupta & Eskil Wadensjö, 2014. "Overeducation among immigrants in Sweden: incidence, wage effects and state dependence," IZA Journal of Migration, Springer;Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit GmbH (IZA), vol. 3(1), pages 1-23, December.
    13. R. Giuliano & B. Mahy & F. Rycx & G. Vermeylen, 2017. "Does corporate social responsibility make over-educated workers more productive?," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 49(6), pages 587-605, February.
    14. Berlingieri, Francesco & Erdsiek, Daniel, 2012. "How relevant is job mismatch for German graduates?," ZEW Discussion Papers 12-075, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
    15. Theo Sparreboom & Alexander Tarvid, 2016. "Imbalanced Job Polarization and Skills Mismatch in Europe," Journal for Labour Market Research, Springer;Institute for Employment Research/ Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), vol. 49(1), pages 15-42, July.
    16. Roxana Hatos & Tomina Saveanu, 2016. "Are Economic Studies Graduates Under-Employed? A Skills Mismatch Study," Oradea Journal of Business and Economics, University of Oradea, Faculty of Economics, vol. 1(1), pages 27-37, March.
    17. Guillermo Montt, 2017. "Field-of-study mismatch and overqualification: labour market correlates and their wage penalty," IZA Journal of Labor Economics, Springer;Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit GmbH (IZA), vol. 6(1), pages 1-20, December.
    18. Inmaculada García-Mainar & Guillermo García-Martín & Víctor Montuenga, 2015. "Over-education and Gender Occupational Differences in Spain," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 124(3), pages 807-833, December.
    19. Seamus McGuinness & Delma Byrne, 2015. "Born abroad and educated here: examining the impacts of education and skill mismatch among immigrant graduates in Europe," IZA Journal of Migration, Springer;Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit GmbH (IZA), vol. 4(1), pages 1-30, December.
    20. Verhaest, Dieter & Baert, Stijn, 2015. "The Early Labour Market Effects of Generally and Vocationally Oriented Higher Education: Is There a Trade-off?," IZA Discussion Papers 9137, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    21. McGuinness, Seamus & Bergin, Adele & Whelan, Adele, 2017. "Overeducation in Europe: Trends, Convergence and Drivers," IZA Discussion Papers 10678, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    22. L. Cattani & G. Guidetti & G. Pedrini, 2014. "Assessing the incidence and wage effects of overeducation among Italian graduates using a new measure for educational requirements," Working Papers wp939, Dipartimento Scienze Economiche, Universita' di Bologna.
    23. Caroleo, Floro Ernesto & Pastore, Francesco, 2015. "Overeducation: A Disease of the School-to-Work Transition System," IZA Discussion Papers 9049, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    24. Inmaculada García-Mainar & Victor M. Montuenga-Gómez, 2017. "Over-qualification and dimensions of job satisfaction," Documentos de Trabajo dt2017-05, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales, Universidad de Zaragoza.

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