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Stuck in a mismatch? The persistence of overeducation during twenty years of the post-communist transition in Poland

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  • Kiersztyn, Anna

Abstract

This paper examines long-term changes in the persistence of overeducation among individual workers, focusing on the relationship between the rate of those changes and the general economic situation. All analyses are based on data from the Polish Panel Survey (POLPAN) conducted throughout the post-communist transition period, 1988–2008. The results suggest that being in a job with too low educational requirements is stable through time and raises the probability of experiencing the same situation five years later. The incidence of overeducation increased in the studied period, most rapidly during recession. The youngest cohorts, workers aged 26–35 in 2008, faced a higher risk of persistent overqualification than other cohorts. These findings are consistent with Thurow's job competition theory, as well as Sattinger's job assignment model.

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  • Kiersztyn, Anna, 2013. "Stuck in a mismatch? The persistence of overeducation during twenty years of the post-communist transition in Poland," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 32(C), pages 78-91.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:ecoedu:v:32:y:2013:i:c:p:78-91
    DOI: 10.1016/j.econedurev.2012.09.009
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    3. Jacek Liwiński & Francesco Pastore, 2021. "Are School-Provided Skills Useful at Work? Results of the Wiles Test," Research in Higher Education, Springer;Association for Institutional Research, vol. 62(1), pages 72-97, February.
    4. Erdsiek, Daniel, 2017. "Dynamics of overqualification: Evidence from the early career of graduates," ZEW Discussion Papers 17-020, ZEW - Leibniz Centre for European Economic Research.
    5. Baran Jan, 2018. "A side effect of a university boom: rising incidence of overeducation among tertiary educated workers in Poland," Economics and Business Review, Sciendo, vol. 4(2), pages 41-63, June.
    6. Juan Acosta-Ballesteros & María del Pilar Osorno-del Rosal & Olga María Rodríguez-Rodríguez, 2018. "Overeducation of Young Workers in Spain: How Much Does the First Job Matter? Social Indicators Research," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 138(1), pages 109-139, July.
    7. Jan Aleksander Baran, 2020. "Are Poles stuck in overeducation? Individual dynamics of educational mismatch in Poland," Working Papers 2020-23, Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw.
    8. Kupets, Olga, 2016. "Education-job mismatch in Ukraine: Too many people with tertiary education or too many jobs for low-skilled?," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 44(1), pages 125-147.
    9. Mariia Vasiakina & Silvana Robone, 2018. "Education-job mismatch as a determinant of health: evidence from the Russian Federation," RIEDS - Rivista Italiana di Economia, Demografia e Statistica - The Italian Journal of Economic, Demographic and Statistical Studies, SIEDS Societa' Italiana di Economia Demografia e Statistica, vol. 72(4), pages 101-111, October-D.
    10. Olga Kupets, 2015. "Skill mismatch and overeducation in transition economies," IZA World of Labor, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA), pages 224-224, December.
    11. Doon, Roshnie, 2021. "Overeducation in Trinidad and Tobago's Labour Market: A Quantile Regression Approach," GLO Discussion Paper Series 822, Global Labor Organization (GLO).
    12. Verbruggen, M. & van Emmerik, H. & van Gils, A.E.J. & Meng, C.M. & de Grip, A., 2015. "Does early-career underemployment impact future career success? A path dependency perspective," ROA Research Memorandum 007, Maastricht University, Research Centre for Education and the Labour Market (ROA).
    13. Esperanza Vera-Toscano & Elena C. Meroni, 2021. "An Age–Period–Cohort Approach to the Incidence and Evolution of Overeducation and Skills Mismatch," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 153(2), pages 711-740, January.
    14. Olga Kupets, 2015. "Education in transition and job mismatch: Evidence from the skills survey in non-EU transition economies," KIER Working Papers 915, Kyoto University, Institute of Economic Research.
    15. Yeasung Jeong & Ayoung Lee & Joonmo Cho, 2018. "Educational mismatches and job resolution in South Korea, the USA, and Germany," Asian-Pacific Economic Literature, Asia Pacific School of Economics and Government, The Australian National University, vol. 32(2), pages 95-108, November.
    16. Gabriela Wronowska, 2017. "Overeducation in the labour market," Ekonomia i Prawo, Uniwersytet Mikolaja Kopernika, vol. 16(2), pages 219-228, June.
    17. Gustavo Pereira Serra, 2021. "The First Harrod Problem and Human Capital Formation," Working Papers 2113, New School for Social Research, Department of Economics.
    18. Leszek Wincenciak, 2016. "Educational mismatches and earnings in Poland: are graduates penalised for being overeducated?," Ekonomia journal, Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw, vol. 46.
    19. Teixeira, Aurora A.C. & Queirós, Anabela S.S., 2016. "Economic growth, human capital and structural change: A dynamic panel data analysis," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 45(8), pages 1636-1648.
    20. Francis Green & Golo Henseke, 2021. "Europe’s evolving graduate labour markets: supply, demand, underemployment and pay," Journal for Labour Market Research, Springer;Institute for Employment Research/ Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), vol. 55(1), pages 1-13, December.
    21. Hanan Morsy & Adamon N. Mukasa, 2020. "‘Mind the mismatch?’ Incidence, drivers, and persistence of African youths' skill and educational mismatches," African Development Review, African Development Bank, vol. 32(S1), pages 5-19, November.
    22. Marta Palczyñska, 2020. "Overeducation and wages: the role of cognitive skills and personality traits," IBS Working Papers 03/2020, Instytut Badan Strukturalnych.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Overeducation; Career mobility; Cohort effects;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • J62 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Job, Occupational and Intergenerational Mobility; Promotion

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