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Formal education, mismatch and wages after transition: Assessing the impact of unobserved heterogeneity using matching estimators

  • Lamo, Ana
  • Messina, Julián

This paper studies the incidence and consequences of the mismatch between formal education and the educational requirements of jobs in Estonia during the years 1997-2003. We find large wage penalties associated with the phenomenon of educational mismatch. Moreover, the incidence and wage penalty of mismatches increase with age. This suggests that structural educational mismatches can occur after fast transition periods. Our results are robust for various methodologies, and more importantly regarding departures from the exogeneity assumptions inherent in the matching estimators used in our analysis. JEL Classification: J0

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Paper provided by European Central Bank in its series Working Paper Series with number 1215.

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Date of creation: Jun 2010
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ecb:ecbwps:20101215
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  25. Duncan, Greg J. & Hoffman, Saul D., 1981. "The incidence and wage effects of overeducation," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 1(1), pages 75-86, February.
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  27. Alfonso Alba-Ramírez, 1993. "Mismatch in the Spanish Labor Market: Overeducation?," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 28(2), pages 259-278.
  28. Seamus McGuinness, 2007. "How biased are the estimated wage impacts of overeducation? A propensity score matching approach," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 15(2), pages 145-149.
  29. Hartog, Joop, 2000. "Over-education and earnings: where are we, where should we go?," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 19(2), pages 131-147, April.
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