The Determinants of Overeducation: Different Measures, Different Outcomes?
Purpose of the paper - To assess the sensitivity of the estimated determinants of overeducation to the used overeducation measure. Design/Methodology/Approach - We analyse the determinants of overeducation among Flemish school leavers in their first job by means of probit regression analysis. Overeducation is measured on the basis of job analysis, self-assessments and realised matches. Findings - Our results demonstrate that the application of different overeducation measures sometimes leads to different outcomes. Only a few variables – for instance the student’s academic grade in the final year – are consistently found to be important for the explanation of overeducation. Some outcomes are consistent with the supposition that some indicators actually measure other concepts. Research limitations/Implications - Further research using job analysis measures that are based on alternative and more recent occupational classifications would be useful. Practical Implications - Measuring overeducation in various ways is recommendable to make reliable conclusions. At least, a careful consideration of the extent to which the measure used really captures overeducation is needed. Originality/Value - The application of different measures provides further insight into the overeducation measurement problem.
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