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Subject of degree and the gender wage gap: Evidence from Italy

  • Noe', Chiara
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    This paper investigates the extent to which differences in the subject of degree studied by men and women contribute to the gender pay gap in Italy. Using micro-data from the “Survey of Household Income and Wealth” collected by Bank of Italy (1995-2006), we studied the evolution of the gender pay gap before and after 2000. We show that also in Italy like in other countries women are over-represented in Humanities while men in Engineering. We show that the gender wage gap has widened after 2000, especially in the private sector. Using Oaxaca decomposition (1973), we show that controlling for the type of degree accounts for about 42% of the “unexplained” component, and that represents about tot of the total pay gap. This effect is greater in the private than in the public sector.

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    File URL: http://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/47289/1/MPRA_paper_47289.pdf
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    Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 47289.

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    Date of creation: 2009
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    Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:47289
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    19. David Neumark, 1987. "Employers' discriminatory behavior and the estimation of wage discrimination," Special Studies Papers 227, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
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    24. Brown, Charles & Corcoran, Mary, 1997. "Sex-Based Differences in School Content and the Male-Female Wage Gap," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 15(3), pages 431-65, July.
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    32. Jacob Mincer & Solomon Polacheck, 1974. "Family Investments in Human Capital: Earnings of Women," NBER Chapters, in: Economics of the Family: Marriage, Children, and Human Capital, pages 397-431 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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