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The gender wage gap in three African countries

  • Simon Appleton
  • John Hoddinott
  • Pramila Krishnan

This paper extends the Oaxaca-Ransom (1994) method for decomposing wage gaps to account for sectoral choice by men and women. We apply this method to data from three African countries. We find that differences between actual and gender-neutral returns accounts for much of the gender wage gap in Ethiopia and Uganda, rather less in Cote d'Ivoire. In all three countries, the wage gap is narrowed because women are over-represented in the higher-paying public sector. This result would not have been obtained had we used conventional decomposition techniques.

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Paper provided by Centre for the Study of African Economies, University of Oxford in its series CSAE Working Paper Series with number 1996-07.

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Date of creation: 1996
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published in Economic Development and Cultural Change, forthcoming 1998
Handle: RePEc:csa:wpaper:1996-07
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