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The Gender Wage Gap in Three African Countries

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  • Appleton, Simon
  • Hoddinott, John
  • Krishnan, Pramila

Abstract

This paper extends the Oaxaca-Ransom (1994) method for decomposing wage gaps to account for sectoral choice by men and women. We apply this method to data from three African countries. We find that differences between actual and gender-neutral returns accounts for much of the gender wage gap in Ethiopia and Uganda, rather less in Cote d'Ivoire. In all three countries, the wage gap is narrowed because women are over-represented in the higher-paying public sector. This result would not have been obtained had we used conventional decomposition techniques.
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Suggested Citation

  • Appleton, Simon & Hoddinott, John & Krishnan, Pramila, 1999. "The Gender Wage Gap in Three African Countries," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 47(2), pages 289-312, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:ucp:ecdecc:v:47:y:1999:i:2:p:289-312
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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/452402
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    JEL classification:

    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
    • O55 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Africa

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