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Gender Segregation in Employment Contracts

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  • Barbara Petrongolo

Abstract

This paper presents evidence on gender segregation in employment contracts in 15 EUcountries, using micro data from the ECHPS. Women are over-represented in part-time jobsin all countries considered, but while in northern Europe such allocation roughly reflectswomen¿s preferences and their need to combine work with child care, in southern Europepart-time jobs are often involuntary and provide significantly lower job satisfaction than fulltimeones. Women are also over-represented in fixed-term contracts in southern Europe, andagain this job allocation cannot be explained by preferences or productivity differentialsbetween the two genders. There is thus a largely unexplained residual in the gender joballocation, which may be consistent with some degree of discrimination in a few of the labourmarkets considered, especially in southern Europe.

Suggested Citation

  • Barbara Petrongolo, 2004. "Gender Segregation in Employment Contracts," CEP Discussion Papers dp0637, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
  • Handle: RePEc:cep:cepdps:dp0637
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Gender gap; employment; taxation; public policy;

    JEL classification:

    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
    • J28 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Safety; Job Satisfaction; Related Public Policy
    • J71 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination - - - Hiring and Firing

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