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Can Fixed-Term Contracts Put Low Skilled Youth on a Better Career Path? Evidence from Spain

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  • J. Ignacio García-Pérez
  • Ioana Marinescu
  • Judit Vall Castello

Abstract

Fixed-term contracts have low firing costs and can thus help low skilled youth find a first job faster. But do these workers get a more rewarding career? Using Spanish social security data, we compare the careers of native male high-school dropouts who entered the labor market just before and just after a large liberalization in the use of fixed-term contracts in 1984. Using a cohort regression discontinuity design we find that the reform raised the likelihood of working before age 20. However, by substantially increasing the number of employment spells it reduced workers' accumulated employment up to 2006 by almost 200 days and accumulated wages by 22%. These effects are concentrated during the first 5-10 years of these young workers' career. We conclude that widespread fixed-term contracts have harmed the careers of low-skilled workers.

Suggested Citation

  • J. Ignacio García-Pérez & Ioana Marinescu & Judit Vall Castello, 2014. "Can Fixed-Term Contracts Put Low Skilled Youth on a Better Career Path? Evidence from Spain," Working Papers 2014-08, FEDEA.
  • Handle: RePEc:fda:fdaddt:2014-08
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    Cited by:

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    2. Girum Abebe & Stefano Caria & Marcel Fafchamps & Paolo Falco & Simon Franklin & Simon Quinn, 2017. "Anonymity or Distance? Job Search and Labour Market Exclusion in a Growing African City," SERC Discussion Papers 0224, Spatial Economics Research Centre, LSE.
    3. Martins, Pedro S., 2016. "Should the Maximum Duration of Fixed-Term Contracts Increase in Recessions? Evidence from a Law Reform," IZA Discussion Papers 10206, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    4. Luisa Natali & Bruno Martorano & Sudhanshu Handa & Goran Holmqvist & Yekaterina Chzhen, 2014. "Trends in Child Well-being in EU Countries during the Great Recession: A cross-country comparative perspective," Papers inwopa730, Innocenti Working Papers.
    5. Yosuke Jin & Aida Caldera Sánchez & Pilar Garcia Perea, 2017. "Reforms for more and better quality jobs in Spain," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 1386, OECD Publishing.
    6. Bentolila, Samuel & Dolado, Juan J. & Jimeno, Juan F., 2019. "Dual Labour Markets Revisited," IZA Discussion Papers 12126, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    7. Virginia Sanchez Marcos & Ezgi Kaya & Nezih Guner, 2017. "Labor Market Frictions and Lowest Low Fertility," 2017 Meeting Papers 1015, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    8. Paola Bertoli & Veronica Grembi & Judit Vall-Castello, 2020. "The Ramadan Effect in the Workplace," CERGE-EI Working Papers wp655, The Center for Economic Research and Graduate Education - Economics Institute, Prague.
    9. José Ignacio García-Pérez & Antonio Villar, 2020. "NON-WORKING WORKERS. The unequal impact of Covid-19 on the Spanish labour market," Studies on the Spanish Economy eee2020-43, FEDEA.
    10. Garcia-Louzao, Jose & Hospido, Laura & Ruggieri, Alessandro, 2021. "Dual Returns to Experience," IZA Discussion Papers 14596, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    11. Florentino Felgueroso & José-Ignacio García-Pérez & Marcel Jansen & David Troncoso-Ponce, 2018. "The Surge in Short-Duration Contracts in Spain," De Economist, Springer, vol. 166(4), pages 503-534, December.
    12. Pena-Boquete, Yolanda & Dios-Murcia, Iria, 2021. "Factors behind the employment loss in Galicia: Great Recession of 2008 vs. the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic," Revista Galega de Economía, University of Santiago de Compostela. Faculty of Economics and Business., vol. 30(1), pages 1-18.
    13. J. Ignacio García Pérez, 2015. "Should severance pay be consistent for all workers?," IZA World of Labor, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA), pages 174-174, August.
    14. Marta Silva & Luis Filipe Martins & Helena Lopes, 2015. "Asymmetric labour market reforms and wage growth with fixed-term contracts: does learning about match quality matter?," Working Papers Series 2 15-04, ISCTE-IUL, Business Research Unit (BRU-IUL).
    15. Antonio Cabrales & Juan J. Dolado & Ricardo Mora, 2017. "Dual employment protection and (lack of) on-the-job training: PIAAC evidence for Spain and other European countries," SERIEs: Journal of the Spanish Economic Association, Springer;Spanish Economic Association, vol. 8(4), pages 345-371, November.
    16. Contini, Bruno & Garcia Perez, J. Ignacio & Pusch, Toralf & Quaranta, Roberto, 2017. "New Approaches to the Study of Long-Term Non-Employment Duration in Italy, Germany and Spain," IZA Discussion Papers 11167, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    17. Diego Daruich & Sabrina Di Addario & Raffaele Saggio, 2020. "The Effects of Partial Employment Protection Reforms: Evidence from Italy," Development Working Papers 463, Centro Studi Luca d'Agliano, University of Milano, revised 27 Apr 2020.
    18. Abebe, Girum & Caria, Stefano & Fafchamps, Marcel & Falco, Paolo & Franklin, Simon & Quinn, Simon, 2017. "Anonymity of distance? Job search and labour market exclusion in a growing African city," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 86573, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.

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    JEL classification:

    • J08 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - General - - - Labor Economics Policies

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