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Recent Trends in Occupational Segregation by Gender: A Look Across the Atlantic

Author

Listed:
  • Dolado, Juan J.

    (Universidad Carlos III de Madrid)

  • Felgueroso, Florentino

    (FEDEA, Madrid)

  • Jimeno, Juan F.

    (Bank of Spain)

Abstract

In this paper, we analyse the recent patterns of occupational segregation by gender in the EU countries vis-à-vis the US. Given the lack of long time-series data on homogeneous LFS data about occupations and educational attainments for male and female workers in EU countries, we use a single cross section corresponding to 1999 as the basis of comparison, hoping to uncover convergence trends by examining whether the EU-Us differentials in gender occupational segregation decline across age cohorts. The main findings of our study are: (i) gender segregation has been declining across age cohorts in the case of female graduates and has remained steady for those with lower educational levels; in particular, the level of segregation for the former group is higher in the EU than in the US; (ii) gender segregation seems to be positively correlated with the share of part-time jobs; and (iii) there is some evidence, albeit a weak one, that the gender wage gap and occupational segregation are positively correlated, particularly when the Scandinavian countries are excluded from the sample.

Suggested Citation

  • Dolado, Juan J. & Felgueroso, Florentino & Jimeno, Juan F., 2002. "Recent Trends in Occupational Segregation by Gender: A Look Across the Atlantic," IZA Discussion Papers 524, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp524
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    gender occupational segregation; gender wage gaps; part-time jobs;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
    • J71 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination - - - Hiring and Firing

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