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Geschlechtsspezifische Verdienstunterschiede und Diskriminierung am Arbeitsmarkt: Eine Untersuchung unter Berücksichtigung von Voll- und Teilzeitarbeit

  • Franz, Nele
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    Mithilfe linearer Regressionen und einer anschließenden Blinder-Oaxaca-Dekomposition werden Erwerbseinkommensunterschiede zwischen Frauen und Männern im Jahr 2009 untersucht. Dabei werden neben den klassischen Humankapitalindikatoren Ausbildung und Berufserfahrung auch Variablen zum sozialen Hintergrund sowie zur Risikobereitschaft herangezogen. Ziel ist die Zerlegung der Einkommensunterschiede zwischen Männern und Frauen in erklärte und unerklärte Unterschiede und damit eine Annäherung an die Frage, wie viel Verdienstunterschied durch Diskriminierung zustande kommt. Durch die Berücksichtigung von Voll- und Teilzeitarbeit wird der Großteil aller Erwerbstätigen abgedeckt. Es zeigt sich aber auch, dass klassische Humankapitalvariablen und insbesondere die Gründung einer Familie Hauptursache für die Verdienst- und Karriereunterschiede zwischen den Geschlechtern sind.

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    Paper provided by University of Münster, Center for Interdisciplinary Economics (CIW) in its series CIW Discussion Papers with number 11/2011.

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    Date of creation: 2011
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:ciwdps:112011
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