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Informalidad Regional En Colombia

  • Gustavo Adolfo García Cruz

    ()

Este trabajo estudia los diferenciales regionales en el grado de informalidad laboral en Colombia. Aceptando que la informalidad es un sector muy heterogéneo, se utilizan las dos principales fuentes teóricas que estudian este fenómeno para analizar sus determinantes: la estructura lista y la institucionaliza. El análisis descriptivo muestra diferencias locales en el grado de informalidad que son producto de características económicas y sociales propias de cada región, que están asociadas con la estructura productiva y la cercanía con otros centros urbanos. Se estiman Modelos de Datos de Panel en donde se relaciona la informalidad laboral con la participación porcentual del sector industrial dentro del PIR departamental (variable Proxy dd enfoque estructural) y el tamaño del gasto en nómina por habitante de cada región (variable Proxy dd grado burocratización o de eficiencia del Estado que caracteriza d enfoque institucional). La evidencia muestra que la informalidad tiene una relación inversa con el grado de desarrollo industrial de las ciudades y directa con la variable de corte institucional., además de la existencia de un factor local importante.

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Paper provided by UNIVERSIDAD DEL VALLE - CIDSE in its series DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO-CIDSE with number 004608.

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Length: 36
Date of creation: 17 Apr 2008
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Handle: RePEc:col:000149:004608
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  1. Pesaran, M. Hashem, 2004. "General Diagnostic Tests for Cross Section Dependence in Panels," IZA Discussion Papers 1240, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Carmen Pagés & James J. Heckman, 2000. "The Cost of Job Security Regulation: Evidence from Latin American Labor Markets," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 4119, Inter-American Development Bank.
  3. Cameron,A. Colin & Trivedi,Pravin K., 2005. "Microeconometrics," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521848053, December.
  4. Rocío Ribero, 2003. "Gender Dimensions Of Non-Formal Employment In Colombia," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 002762, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
  5. Loayza, Norman A., 1997. "The economics of the informal sector : a simple model and some empirical evidence from Latin America," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1727, The World Bank.
  6. William F. Maloney & Jairo Nunez Mendez, 2003. "Measuring the Impact of Minimum Wages: Evidence from Latin America," NBER Working Papers 9800, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  7. John C. Driscoll & Aart C. Kraay, 1998. "Consistent Covariance Matrix Estimation With Spatially Dependent Panel Data," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 80(4), pages 549-560, November.
  8. Maloney, William, 2003. "Informality revisited," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2965, The World Bank.
  9. Rafael E. De Hoyos & Vasilis Sarafidis, 2006. "Testing for cross-sectional dependence in panel-data models," Stata Journal, StataCorp LP, vol. 6(4), pages 482-496, December.
  10. Frees, Edward W., 1995. "Assessing cross-sectional correlation in panel data," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 69(2), pages 393-414, October.
  11. Levenson, Alec R. & Maloney, William F., 1998. "The informal sector, firm dynamics, and institutional participation," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1988, The World Bank.
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