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Informalidad regional en Colombia, evidencia y determinantes

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  • Gustavo Adolfo García Cruz

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Abstract

Este trabajo estudia los diferenciales regionales en el grado de informalidad laboral en Colombia. Aceptando que la informalidad es un sector muy heterogéneo, se utilizan las dos principales fuentes teóricas que estudian este fenómeno para analizar sus determinantes: la estructura lista y la institucionaliza. El análisis descriptivo muestra diferencias locales en el grado de informalidad que son producto de características económicas y sociales propias de cada región, que están asociadas con la estructura productiva y la cercanía con otros centros urbanos. Se estiman Modelos de Datos de Panel en donde se relaciona la informalidad laboral con la participación porcentual del sector industrial dentro del PIR departamental (variable Proxy dd enfoque estructural) y el tamaño del gasto en nómina por habitante de cada región (variable Proxy dd grado burocratización o de eficiencia del Estado que caracteriza d enfoque institucional). La evidencia muestra que la informalidad tiene una relación inversa con el grado de desarrollo industrial de las ciudades y directa con la variable de corte institucional., además de la existencia de un factor local importante.

Suggested Citation

  • Gustavo Adolfo García Cruz, 2008. "Informalidad regional en Colombia, evidencia y determinantes," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO-CIDSE 004608, UNIVERSIDAD DEL VALLE - CIDSE.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000149:004608
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Maloney, William F., 2004. "Informality Revisited," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 32(7), pages 1159-1178, July.
    2. Rafael E. De Hoyos & Vasilis Sarafidis, 2006. "Testing for cross-sectional dependence in panel-data models," Stata Journal, StataCorp LP, vol. 6(4), pages 482-496, December.
    3. Levenson, Alec R. & Maloney, William F., 1998. "The informal sector, firm dynamics, and institutional participation," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1988, The World Bank.
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    Cited by:

    1. Luis Armando Galvis, 2010. "Diferenciales salariales por género y región en Colombia: una aproximación con regresión por cuantiles," REVISTA DE ECONOMÍA DEL ROSARIO, UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO, November.
    2. Luis Armando Galvis A., 2012. "Informalidad laboral en las áreas urbanas de Colombia," COYUNTURA ECONÓMICA, FEDESARROLLO, June.
    3. Edgar Vicente Marcillo Yépez, 2011. "¿Existe Alguna Relación Entre La Informalidad Laboral Y La Duración Del Desempleo?. Un Análisis Exploratorio Para Colombia (Trece Principales Áreas Metropolitanas 2008)," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO-CIDSE 007931, UNIVERSIDAD DEL VALLE - CIDSE.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    INFORMALIDAD REGIONAL; COLOMBIA; EVIDENCIA; DETERMINANTES;

    JEL classification:

    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • O14 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Industrialization; Manufacturing and Service Industries; Choice of Technology
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)

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