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Gender Dimensions Of Non-Formal Employment In Colombia

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  • ROCÍO RIBERO

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Abstract

This paper analyzed gender in the informal sector in Colombia, using the urban part of the Encuesta Nacional de Condiciones de Vida 1997, under the hypothesis that many informal women belong to this sector because it is more convenient for their childcare and house care needs. It is found that informal women are less in the lower strata than informal men, have better housing than informal men, and are covered by social security more often. More informal women have a family business in the household and work in their own home more often than informal men and tend to work between 6 and 11 hours less per week than informal men on average. Although fertility increases the woman´s and men´s probability of being informal, for a woman, having a child who stays with her most of the time during the week, either at home or at work, increases significantly her probability of being informal by 0.22, indicating that childcare contributes more to female than to male informality (for males it is not significant). When fertility is instrumented, this effect is revealed even larger. Models of log hourly wages/earnings were also estimated separately by gender and by sector of employment.

Suggested Citation

  • Rocío Ribero, 2003. "Gender Dimensions Of Non-Formal Employment In Colombia," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 002762, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000089:002762
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    File URL: http://economia.uniandes.edu.co/publicaciones/D2003-04.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Heckman, James, 2013. "Sample selection bias as a specification error," Applied Econometrics, Publishing House "SINERGIA PRESS", vol. 31(3), pages 129-137.
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    Cited by:

    1. Jhon James Mora & Juan Muro, 2012. "Persistence of informality in a developing country," BORRADORES DE ECONOMÍA Y FINANZAS 009593, UNIVERSIDAD ICESI.
    2. García Cruz Gustavo Adolfo, 2008. "Informalidad regional en Colombia. Evidencia y Determinantes," REVISTA DESARROLLO Y SOCIEDAD, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE, February.
    3. World Bank, 2009. "Increasing Formality and Productivity of Bolivian Firms," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 2675.
    4. Carlos Humberto Ortiz Quevedo & José Ignacio Uribe García, 2004. "Industrialización, Informalidad Y Comercio Internacional," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO-CIDSE 002841, UNIVERSIDAD DEL VALLE - CIDSE.
    5. Guataquí R., Juan Carlos & García S., Andrés Felipe & Rodríguez A., Mauricio, 2010. "El Perfil de la Informalidad Laboral en Colombia," PERFIL DE COYUNTURA ECONÓMICA, UNIVERSIDAD DE ANTIOQUIA - CIE, November.
    6. Gustavo Adolfo García, 2010. "Evolución de la informalidad laboral en Colombia: determinantes macro y efectos locales," ARCHIVOS DE ECONOMÍA 006449, DEPARTAMENTO NACIONAL DE PLANEACIÓN.
    7. Jairo Guillermo Isaza Castro, 2014. "Occupational segregation, selection effects and gender wage differences: evidence from urban Colombia," REVISTA APUNTES DEL CENES, UNIVERSIDAD PEDAGOGICA Y TECNOLOGICA DE COLOMBIA, June.
    8. José Ignacio Uribe & Carlos Humberto Ortiz & Gustavo Adolfo García, 2007. "La segmentación del mercado laboral colombiano en la década de los noventa," Revista de Economía Institucional, Universidad Externado de Colombia - Facultad de Economía, vol. 9(16), pages 189-221, January-J.
    9. repec:bla:labour:v:31:y:2017:i:1:p:59-72 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Edgar Vicente Marcillo Yépez, 2011. "¿Existe Alguna Relación Entre La Informalidad Laboral Y La Duración Del Desempleo?. Un Análisis Exploratorio Para Colombia (Trece Principales Áreas Metropolitanas 2008)," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO-CIDSE 007931, UNIVERSIDAD DEL VALLE - CIDSE.
    11. Lacey Ann Wrubel, 2010. "Earnings determinants for own-account workers in the urban informal economy: The case of Bogotá, Colombia," SERIE DE DOCUMENTOS EN ECONOMÍA Y VIOLENCIA 006842, CENTRO DE INVESTIGACIONES EN VIOLENCIA, INSTITUCIONES Y DESARROLLO ECONÓMICO (VIDE).
    12. José Ignacio Uribe García & Carlos Humberto Ortíz Quevedo, 2004. "Una Propuesta De Conceptualización Y Medición Del Sector Informal," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO-CIDSE 003720, UNIVERSIDAD DEL VALLE - CIDSE.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    informal labor markets;

    JEL classification:

    • J0 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - General

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