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Capital Structure and Managerial Compensation : The Effects of Remuneration Seniority

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  • Calcagno, R.

    (Tilburg University, School of Economics and Management)

  • Renneboog, L.D.R.

    (Tilburg University, School of Economics and Management)

Abstract

We show that the relative seniority of debt and managerial compensation has important implications on the design of remuneration contracts.Whereas the traditional literature assumes that debt is senior to remuneration, we show that this is frequently not the case according to bankruptcy regulation and as observed in practice.We theoretically show that including risky debt changes the incentive to provide the manager with stronger performance-related incentives ("contract substitution" effect).If managerial compensation has priority over the debt claims, higher leverage produces lower powerincentive schemes (lower bonuses) and a higher base salary.With junior compensation, we expect more emphasis on pay-for-performance incentives.The empirical findings are in line with the regime of remuneration seniority as the base salary is significantly higher and the performance bonus is lower in financially distressed firms.
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Suggested Citation

  • Calcagno, R. & Renneboog, L.D.R., 2004. "Capital Structure and Managerial Compensation : The Effects of Remuneration Seniority," Other publications TiSEM afd90cc1-f881-4875-bbcd-e, Tilburg University, School of Economics and Management.
  • Handle: RePEc:tiu:tiutis:afd90cc1-f881-4875-bbcd-ead3931d95ae
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    2. Jerry Coakley & Stavroula Iliopoulou, 2006. "Bidder CEO and Other Executive Compensation in UK M&As," European Financial Management, European Financial Management Association, vol. 12(4), pages 609-631, September.

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill
    • G33 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Bankruptcy; Liquidation
    • G34 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Mergers; Acquisitions; Restructuring; Corporate Governance
    • K12 - Law and Economics - - Basic Areas of Law - - - Contract Law

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