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Debt, Incentives and Performance: Evidence from UK Panel Data

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  • Roberta Dessí
  • Donald Robertson

Abstract

A large body of theoretical literature suggests that capital structure plays an important as a managerial incentive mechanism. Cross-sectional empirical studies have identified a positive effect of leverage on expected performance (measured by Q) for firms with low growth opportunities. This is consistent with the joint hypothesis that leverage is beneficial for low-growth firms (in line with Jensens free cash flow hypothesis), and that not all firms choose capital structure efficiently. However, this evidence does not take into account the endogeneity of capital structure decisions. We investigate how endogeneity affects the results using instrumental variables and allowing for dynamics. The results of earlier studies are then re-interpreted in the light of our findings.

Suggested Citation

  • Roberta Dessí & Donald Robertson, 2000. "Debt, Incentives and Performance: Evidence from UK Panel Data," FMG Discussion Papers dp344, Financial Markets Group.
  • Handle: RePEc:fmg:fmgdps:dp344
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    Cited by:

    1. Pierre Durand, 2018. "Impact du financement par fonds de pension sur la performance des entreprises du CAC 40," EconomiX Working Papers 2018-4, University of Paris Nanterre, EconomiX.
    2. Nur Ainna Ramli & Gilbert Nartea, 2016. "Mediation Effects of Firm Leverage in Malaysia: Partial Least Squares - Structural Equation Modeling," International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, Econjournals, vol. 6(1), pages 301-307.
    3. Chen, Yenn-Ru & Lee, Bong Soo, 2010. "A dynamic analysis of executive stock options: Determinants and consequences," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 16(1), pages 88-103, February.
    4. Badi H. Baltagi, 2013. "Dynamic panel data models," Chapters,in: Handbook of Research Methods and Applications in Empirical Macroeconomics, chapter 10, pages 229-248 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    5. Abubakr Saeed & Yacine Belghitar & Ephraim Clark, 2017. "Political connections and firm operational efficiencies: evidence from a developing country," Review of Managerial Science, Springer, vol. 11(1), pages 191-224, January.
    6. Calcagno, R. & Renneboog, L.D.R., 2004. "Capital Structure and Managerial Compensation : The Effects of Remuneration Seniority," Discussion Paper 2004-015, Tilburg University, Tilburg Law and Economic Center.
    7. Alan Schwartz, "undated". "A Normative Theory of Business Bankruptcy," American Law & Economics Association Annual Meetings 1037, American Law & Economics Association.
    8. Aggarwal, Raj & Zhao, Xinlei, 2007. "The leverage-value relationship puzzle: An industry effects resolution," Journal of Economics and Business, Elsevier, vol. 59(4), pages 286-297.
    9. Ropero Moriones, Eva, 2005. "Limited liability in business groups," DEE - Working Papers. Business Economics. WB wb057617, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Departamento de Economía de la Empresa.

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