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Choques, instituciones laborales y desempleo en Colombia

In: El mercado de trabajo en Colombia : hechos, tendencias e instituciones

Author

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  • Echavarría-Soto, Juan José
  • López, Enrique
  • Ocampo, Sergio
  • Rodríguez-Niño, Norberto

Abstract

Se utiliza la metodología VAR-X estructural para explicar el crecimiento del desempleo en Colombia desde niveles cercanos al 7% en 1995:I hasta 19% en el 2000:I, y por qué permaneció en niveles de dos dígitos durante la década siguiente. Se trató de una combinación infortunada de choques y de instituciones laborales mal diseñadas para enfrentarlos. La participación laboral se incrementó fuertemente desde comienzos de los años noventa por motivos demográficos y como respuesta a la crisis de 1998-2000; la demanda cayó abruptamente en esos mismos años, debido a la parada súbita de flujos de capital y a una política fiscal y monetaria procíclica; y la dinámica de la productividad ha sido excesivamente lenta, principalmente en la década del 2000. Los costos no salariales y el salario mínimo explican las altas tasas de desempleo.||*Este capítulo se encuentra incluido en la tercera parte del libro El mercado de trabajo en Colombia : hechos, tendencias e instituciones, titulada "El mercado de trabajo en el corto plazo"

Suggested Citation

  • Echavarría-Soto, Juan José & López, Enrique & Ocampo, Sergio & Rodríguez-Niño, Norberto, 2012. "Choques, instituciones laborales y desempleo en Colombia," Chapters, in: Arango-Thomas, Luis Eduardo & Hamann-Salcedo, Franz Alonso (ed.), El mercado de trabajo en Colombia : hechos, tendencias e instituciones, chapter 18, pages 753-794, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:bdrcap:2012-12-753-794
    DOI: 10.32468/Ebook.664-261-3
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    1. Juan José Echavarría & Andrés González, 2012. "Choques internacionales reales y financieros y su impacto sobre la economía colombiana," Revista ESPE - Ensayos sobre Política Económica, Banco de la Republica de Colombia, vol. 30(69), pages 14-66, December.
    2. Arango-Thomas, Luis Eduardo & García-Suaza, Andrés Felipe & Posada, Carlos Esteban, 2012. "Inflación y desempleo en Colombia : Nairu y tasa de desempleo compatible con la meta de inflación (1984-2010)," Chapters, in: Arango-Thomas, Luis Eduardo & Hamann-Salcedo, Franz Alonso (ed.), El mercado de trabajo en Colombia : hechos, tendencias e instituciones, chapter 8, pages 333-362, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    3. Andrés González & Sergio Ocampo & Diego Rodríguez & Norberto Rodríguez, 2012. "Asimetrías del empleo y el producto, una aproximación de equilibrio general," Revista ESPE - Ensayos Sobre Política Económica, Banco de la República, vol. 30(68), pages 218-272, June.
    4. Francisco Lasso-Valderrama & Laura Rodríguez-Quintero, 2018. "Ciclo y composición del cambio en los salarios: una aproximación a la estructura salarial de Colombia," Borradores de Economia 1057, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    5. Luis E. Arango & Luz A. Flórez, 2020. "Determinants of structural unemployment in Colombia: a search approach," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 58(5), pages 2431-2464, May.
    6. Oscar Andrés Espinosa Acuna & Paola Andrea Vaca González, 2014. "Causas del desempleo en Colombia en el siglo XXI: Evidencia a partir de un modelo var-x cointegrado," Revista de Economía del Caribe 14770, Universidad del Norte.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Instituciones laborales; Empleo; Precios; Costos laborales; Colombia; Labour institutions; Employment; Prices; Labor costs; Colombia;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • J60 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - General
    • J30 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - General

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