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¿Cómo se comportan las tasas de desempleo en siete ciudades colombianas?

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  • José R. Gamarra

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Abstract

A pesar de su importancia y al igual que otras variables, la tasa de desempleo usualmente ha sido analizada desde una perspectiva nacional, desconociendo características de cada ciudad o región. No obstante las claras diferencias regionales en el entorno colombiano, muy pocos trabajos han abordado el problema partiendo de esas diferencias. En este trabajo se utilizan las tasas de desempleo de siete ciudades para analizar similitudes y diferencias. A partir de la construcción de un índice de dispersión de las series se aprecia un movimiento procíclico de las diferencias, es decir, aumentos en las diferencias al disminuir el desempleo. Del mismo modo, al aumentar el desempleo las diferencias tienden a disminuir. Adicionalmente, mediante el análisis de cointegración de Johansen se logra identificar relaciones de largo plazo entre las series consideradas, al igual que mecanismos de ajuste de las diferencias en el corto plazo. A partir de este análisis se encuentra evidencia de una explicación de equilibrio de largo plazo, al igual que efectos de desequilibrios en el corto plazo.

Suggested Citation

  • José R. Gamarra, 2006. "¿Cómo se comportan las tasas de desempleo en siete ciudades colombianas?," REVISTA DE ECONOMÍA DEL ROSARIO, UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000151:003791
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    File URL: http://revistas.urosario.edu.co/index.php/economia/article/view/1111/1005
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Bande, Roberto & Fernández, Melchor & Montuenga, Víctor, 2008. "Regional unemployment in Spain: Disparities, business cycle and wage setting," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 15(5), pages 885-914, October.
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    8. Carlos Lamarche & Alberto Porto & Walter Sosa Escudero, 1998. "Aspectos Regionales del Desempleo en la Argentina," Department of Economics, Working Papers 008, Departamento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata.
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    Cited by:

    1. Juan José Echavarría & Enrique López & Sergio Ocampo, 2011. "Choques, instituciones laborales y desempleo en Colombia," Ensayos sobre Política Económica, Banco de la Republica de Colombia, vol. 29(66), pages 128-173, Diciembre.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    desempleo; cointegración; índice de dispersión; economía regional;

    JEL classification:

    • C32 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes; State Space Models
    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand

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