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¿Cómo se comportan las tasas de desempleo en siete ciudades colombianas?

  • José R. Gamarra

    ()

A pesar de su importancia y al igual que otras variables, la tasa de desempleo usualmente ha sido analizada desde una perspectiva nacional, desconociendo caracter�sticas de cada ciudad o regi�n. No obstante las claras diferencias regionales en el entorno colombiano, muy pocos trabajos han abordado el problema partiendo de esas diferencias. En este trabajo se utilizan las tasas de desempleo de siete ciudades para analizar similitudes y diferencias. A partir de la construcci�n de un �ndice de dispersi�n de las series se aprecia un movimiento proc�clico de las diferencias, es decir, aumentos en las diferencias al disminuir el desempleo. Del mismo modo, al aumentar el desempleo las diferencias tienden a disminuir. Adicionalmente, mediante el an�lisis de cointegraci�n de Johansen se logra identificar relaciones de largo plazo entre las series consideradas, al igual que mecanismos de ajuste de las diferencias en el corto plazo. A partir de este an�lisis se encuentra evidencia de una explicaci�n de equilibrio de largo plazo, al igual que efectos de desequilibrios en el corto plazo.

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Article provided by UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO in its journal REVISTA DE ECONOMÍA DEL ROSARIO.

Volume (Year): (2006)
Issue (Month): ()
Pages:

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Handle: RePEc:col:000151:003791
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  1. Luis Eduardo Arango T. & Carlos Esteban Posada, 2001. "El Desempleo En Colombia," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 002495, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  2. Ana Maria Iregui & Jesus Otero, 2003. "On the dynamics of unemployment in a developing economy: Colombia," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 10(14), pages 895-898.
  3. Roberto Bande & Melchor Fernandez & Victor Montuenga, 2005. "Regional Unemployment in Spain: Disparities, Business Cycle and Wage Setting," Documentos de trabajo - Analise Economica 0035, IDEGA - Instituto Universitario de Estudios e Desenvolvemento de Galicia.
  4. Clive W.J. Granger, 2004. "Time Series Analysis, Cointegration, and Applications," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 94(3), pages 421-425, June.
  5. Brunello, Giorgio & Lupi, Claudio & Ordine, Patrizia, 2001. "Widening differences in Italian regional unemployment," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 8(1), pages 103-129, January.
  6. Carlos Lamarche & Alberto Porto & Walter Sosa Escudero, 1998. "Aspectos Regionales del Desempleo en la Argentina," Department of Economics, Working Papers 008, Departamento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata.
  7. Marston, Stephen T, 1985. "Two Views of the Geographic Distribution of Unemployment," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 100(1), pages 57-79, February.
  8. Ron Martin, 1997. "Regional Unemployment Disparities and their Dynamics," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 31(3), pages 237-252.
  9. J. Paul Elhorst, 2003. "The Mystery of Regional Unemployment Differentials: Theoretical and Empirical Explanations," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 17(5), pages 709-748, December.
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