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Regional Unemployment Disparities and their Dynamics

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Abstract

MARTIN R. (1997) Regional unemployment disparities and their dynamics, Reg. Studies 31, 237-252. Unemployment in the United Kingdom has doubled every decade since the 1960s. Regional unemployment trends during this period are shown to have been characterized by a high degree of synchronicity, and regional unemployment disparities by a remarkable persistence. This persistence or stability of the regional unemployment structure - or what can be termed co-integration of the regional labour market system - is argued to be an equilibrium phenomenon. Although the unusual recession of the early 1990s appears to have disturbed this stable pattern of regional disparities, whether this change represents a temporary shock or marks a shift to a new equilibrium geography of unemployment is as yet unclear. MARTIN R. (1997) Les ecarts du chomage regional et leur dynamique, Reg. Studies 31, 237-252. Au Royaume-Uni le chomage a doubletoutes les decennies depuis les annees 60. Pendant cette periode, ce qui caracterise les tendances du chomage regional c'est le taux de synchronisme, et ce qui caracterise les ecarts du chomage regional c'est sa persistance remarquable. On affirme que cette persistance, ou stabilite, de la structure du chomage regional - a savoir, la cointegration du systeme du marche du travail regional - est un phenomene d'equilibre. Bien que la recession exceptionnelle du debut des annees 90 semble avoir perturbecette distribution des ecarts regionaux stable, toujours est-il que jusqu'ici on ne sait pas tres bien encore si, oui ou non, ce changement constitue un choc passager ou un mouvement vers une nouvelle geographie d'equilibre du chomage. MARTIN R. (1997) Regionale Erwerbslosigkeitsunterschiede und ihre Dynamik, Reg. Studies 31, 237-252. Seit 1960 hat die Erwerbslosigkeit im Vereinigten Konigreich sich jedes Jahrzehnt verdoppelt. Es wird gezeigt, dass regionale Tendenzen der Erwerbslosigkeit sich in diesem Zeitraum als ausserordentlich gleichartig erwiesen, und Unterschiede in regionaler Erwerbslosigkeit als ausserordentlich hartnackig. Dieses Fortbestehen, bz.w. die Stabilitat der Struktur der regionalen Erwerbslosigkeit - was auch als Zusammenschluss des regionalen Arbeitsmarktsystem bezeichnet werden kann - wird als Gleichgewichtsphanomen aufgefasst. Obschon der ungewohnliche Konjunkturruckgang Anfang der neunziger Jahre dieses stabile Muster regionalen Ungleichheiten anscheinend durcheinander gebracht hat, ist noch nicht geklart, ob dieser Wandel eine vorubergehende Erschutterung darstellt oder eine Umstellung auf eine neue Gleichgewichtsgeographie der Erwerbslosigkeit bedeutet.

Suggested Citation

  • Ron Martin, 1997. "Regional Unemployment Disparities and their Dynamics," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 31(3), pages 237-252.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:31:y:1997:i:3:p:237-252
    DOI: 10.1080/00343409750134665
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