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Costos laborales y no laborales y su impacto sobre el desempleo, la duración del desempleo y la informalidad en Colombia, 1980-2007

Author

Listed:
  • Fabio Sánchez
  • Valentina Duque
  • Mauricio Ruíz

Abstract

Este documento describe y analiza la evolución del desempleo desde 1980 estimando el efecto de los costos laborales no salariales (parafiscales) y salario mínimo sobre la tasa y duración del desempleo así como el efecto de los costos mencionados sobre la informalidad. Los resultados obtenidos muestran que aumentos en las regulaciones laborales aumentan la informalidad, el desempleo y su duración. Al medir el impacto de los cambios en los costos no laborales desde comienzos de los noventa, se encuentra que aquellos generaron un desempleo adicional de por lo menos en 3.5 puntos porcentuales y 5.3 puntos de informalidad, además de aumentar en 6 semanas la duración del desempleo. De esta manera, este documento confirma lo que ha sido senalado en otras investigaciones en relación al impacto negativo sobre indicadores del mercado laboral del aumento en los costos laborales y no laborales.

Suggested Citation

  • Fabio Sánchez & Valentina Duque & Mauricio Ruíz, 2009. "Costos laborales y no laborales y su impacto sobre el desempleo, la duración del desempleo y la informalidad en Colombia, 1980-2007," Documentos CEDE 5540, Universidad de los Andes, Facultad de Economía, CEDE.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000089:005540
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

    Blog mentions

    As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
    1. El salario mínimo en Colombia: nueva evidencia empírica sobre sus efectos y algunas consideraciones económicas y éticas
      by Nicolás de Roux in Foco Económico on 2021-07-27 21:11:03

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    Cited by:

    1. Fabio Sánchez Torres & Oriana Alvarez Vos, 2011. "La informalidad laboral y los costos laborales en Colombia 1984-2009. Diagnóstico y propuestas de política," Documentos CEDE 9238, Universidad de los Andes, Facultad de Economía, CEDE.
    2. Miguel Urrutia & Mauricio Ruiz, 2010. "Ciento setenta años de salarios reales en Colombia," Revista ESPE - Ensayos sobre Política Económica, Banco de la Republica de Colombia, vol. 28(63), pages 154-189, December.
    3. Leonardo Fabio Morales & Carlos Medina, 2017. "Assessing the Effect of Payroll Taxes on Formal Employment: The Case of the 2012 Tax Reform in Colombia," Economía Journal, The Latin American and Caribbean Economic Association - LACEA, vol. 0(Fall 2017), pages 75-124, November.
    4. Cuesta, Jose & Olivera, Mauricio, 2014. "The impact of social security reform on the labor market: The case of Colombia," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 36(6), pages 1118-1134.
    5. Andrés Álvarez, 2016. "La Curva de Beveridge en Colombia (1976-2014): Cambios cíclicos y estructurales," Borradores de Economia 962, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    6. Jesús J. Rodríguez De Luque, 2014. "Efectos de las políticas tributaria y fiscalizadora sobre el tamano del sector informal en Colombia," Revista Cuadernos de Economia, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, FCE, CID, August.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    desempleo; informalidad; duración del desempleo; costos laborales; salario mínimo; impuestos parafiscales;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • H22 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Incidence
    • H30 - Public Economics - - Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents - - - General
    • H31 - Public Economics - - Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents - - - Household
    • J32 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Nonwage Labor Costs and Benefits; Retirement Plans; Private Pensions
    • J38 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Public Policy

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