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Designing Labor Market Institutions in Emerging Market and Developing Economies: A Review of Evidence and IMF Policy Advice

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  • Romain Duval

    (International Monetary Fund)

  • Prakash Loungani

    (International Monetary Fund)

Abstract

This paper reviews the state of theory and evidence on the design of labor market institutions in emerging markets and developing economies. Compared with advanced economies, these economies tend to have larger market failures, which creates a strong case for government intervention. But they also face larger risks of policy failures due to informality and limited administrative capacity. We draw specific implications from this tension for the design unemployment insurance, job protection legislation, minimum wages and wage bargaining systems. We then use text mining techniques to identify and review a decade of IMF recommendations in these areas for 30 emerging market and developing economies.

Suggested Citation

  • Romain Duval & Prakash Loungani, 2021. "Designing Labor Market Institutions in Emerging Market and Developing Economies: A Review of Evidence and IMF Policy Advice," Comparative Economic Studies, Palgrave Macmillan;Association for Comparative Economic Studies, vol. 63(1), pages 31-83, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:pal:compes:v:63:y:2021:i:1:d:10.1057_s41294-020-00133-0
    DOI: 10.1057/s41294-020-00133-0
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Labor market institutions; Employment protection; Unemployment benefits; Social assistance; Cash transfers; Minimum wage; Collective bargaining;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J08 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - General - - - Labor Economics Policies
    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • J38 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Public Policy
    • J58 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor-Management Relations, Trade Unions, and Collective Bargaining - - - Public Policy
    • J65 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment Insurance; Severance Pay; Plant Closings
    • J68 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Public Policy

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