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La informalidad laboral y los costos laborales en Colombia 1984-2009. Diagnóstico y propuestas de política

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  • Fabio Sánchez Torres

    ()

  • Oriana Alvarez Vos

    ()

Abstract

Este documento tiene como objetivo contribuir al análisis de la problemática de la informalidad laboral en Colombia enfocándose principalmente en los costos mínimos de contratación formal como uno de los factores que más incide en su persistencia. Así mismo, se realizan recomendaciones de política y se examina la llamada ley del primer empleo a la luz de los indicadores de la informalidad laboral presentados.Para determinar los efectos de los costos mínimos de contratación sobre los indicadores del mercado laboral en Colombia se realizaron diversas simulaciones utilizando como año base 1992. Los resultados muestran que la informalidad hubiese sido menor sobre todo para aquellos trabajadores con menor escolaridad. En cuanto al tamaño de la firma, las simulaciones indican que el aumento de los costos mínimos de contratación formal ha contribuido a la exclusión de los trabajadores menos calificados de las firmas grandes.Debido a las altas tasas de informalidad laboral en Colombia, en el año 2010 se sancionó la ley del primer empleo que busca incentivar la formalización laboral en el país. Sin embargo, dadas las características de la informalidad la ley la ataca solo tímidamente.

Suggested Citation

  • Fabio Sánchez Torres & Oriana Alvarez Vos, 2011. "La informalidad laboral y los costos laborales en Colombia 1984-2009. Diagnóstico y propuestas de política," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 009238, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000089:009238
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    File URL: http://economia.uniandes.edu.co/publicaciones/dcede2011-36.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Camilo Mondragón-Vélez & Ximena Peña & Daniel Wills, 2010. "Labor Market Rigidities and Informality in Colombia," ECONOMIA JOURNAL, THE LATIN AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN ECONOMIC ASSOCIATION - LACEA, vol. 0(Fall 2010), pages 65-101, August.
    2. Ulyssea, Gabriel, 2010. "Regulation of entry, labor market institutions and the informal sector," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 91(1), pages 87-99, January.
    3. Fabio Sánchez & Valentina Duque & Mauricio Ruíz, 2009. "Costos laborales y no laborales y su impacto sobre el desempleo, la duración del desempleo y la informalidad en Colombia, 1980-2007," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 005540, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
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    Blog mentions

    As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
    1. La informalidad laboral y los costos laborales en Colombia 1984-2009. Diagnóstico y propuestas de política.
      by Maximo Rossi in Wikiprogress América Latina on 2012-01-23 00:41:00

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Informalidad laboral; costos mínimos de contratación formal; Ley del Primer Empleo; Tamaño de firma y brecha salarial.;

    JEL classification:

    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • J32 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Nonwage Labor Costs and Benefits; Retirement Plans; Private Pensions
    • J38 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Public Policy

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