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El ciclo económico y el mercado de trabajo en Colombia: 1984-2014

Author

Listed:
  • Luis Eduardo Arango

    ()

  • Freddy Felipe Parra-Escobar
  • Álvaro José Pinzón-Giraldo

Abstract

Presentamos la evolución de ocho variables del mercado laboral a lo largo del ciclo económico para distintas ciudades y grupos demográficos. Las fechas utilizadas para identificar las fases de recesión fueron tomadas de Alfonso et al. (2013) y de Jaulín (2013). La evidencia sugiere que la participación laboral tiende a ser acíclica, mientras que la tasa de ocupación es procíclica. Sin ambigüedades, en las recesiones el desempleo aumenta. Los cesantes aumentan en momentos de crisis; es decir, los despidos y la reinserción al mercado parecen ser los eventos más regulares durante los períodos de contracción económica. El salario medio por hora junto con las horas normalmente trabajadas son procíclicas en el período posterior a 2008.******The behavior of the labor market over the business cycle, for different cities and demographic groups, is described by means of eight variables. The chronology used to undertake the endeavor is borrowed from Alfonso et al. (2013) and Jaulín (2013). The evidence suggests that labor participation tends to be acyclical while the occupation employment rate is procyclical. Unambiguously, unemployment rises during recessions. The dismissed and reinserted workers increases in bad times. The hourly real wages as well as hours are procyclical after 2008.

Suggested Citation

  • Luis Eduardo Arango & Freddy Felipe Parra-Escobar & Álvaro José Pinzón-Giraldo, 2016. "El ciclo económico y el mercado de trabajo en Colombia: 1984-2014," Revista ESPE - Ensayos Sobre Política Económica, Banco de la República - ESPE, vol. 34(81), pages 206-228, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000107:015223
    DOI: 10.1016/j.espe.2016.08.002
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    File URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.espe.2016.08.002
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Luis E. Arango & Luz A. Flórez, 2017. "Informalidad laboral y elementos para un salario mínimo diferencial por regiones en Colombia," Borradores de Economia 1023, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    2. Luis E. Arango & Luz A. Flórez & María A. Olarte-Delgado, 2019. "Precio del carbón y dinámica laboral en Valledupar," Revista de Economía del Rosario, Universidad del Rosario, vol. 22(2), pages 313-370, December.
    3. Luis E. Arango & Luz A. Flórez & María A. Olarte-Delgado, 2018. "Precio del carbón y dinámica laboral en Valledupar," Documentos de trabajo sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 271, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Ciclos económicos; Tasa de participación; Tasa de ocupación; Tasa de desempleo; Salarios.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J0 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - General
    • E3 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles

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