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Asimetrías del empleo y el producto, una aproximación de equilibrio general

  • Andrés González


  • Sergio Ocampo


  • Diego Rodríguez


  • Norberto Rodríguez


La evidencia empírica para Colombia muestra relaciones tanto positivas como negativas entre el crecimiento del producto y el empleo, a diferencia de loencontrado en economías desarrolladas como la de los Estados Unidos. El presente trabajo usa modelos VAR para abordar explicaciones de ese fenómeno, así como un modelo de equilibrio general dinámico y estocástico para una economía pequeña y abierta,que incorpora endógenamente desempleo de equilibrio y cambios en la fuerza laboral. Los resultados obtenidos, usando datos trimestrales para Colombia, son consistentes para las dos metodologías; se encuentra que la correlación entre el producto y elempleo es condicional a la fuerza motora del ciclo económico. En particular, se halla que choques tecnológicos inducen una correlación negativa entre producto y empleo, mientras choques no tecnológicos inducen la correlación contraria.

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Volume (Year): 30 (2012)
Issue (Month): 68 (June)
Pages: 218-272

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Handle: RePEc:col:000107:010343
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