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La elasticidad de Frisch y la transmisión de la política monetaria en Colombia

  • Juan David Prada Sarmiento

    ()

  • Luis Eduardo Rojas Dueñas Author- Email: lrojasdu@banrep.gov.co

Este artículo estudia el mecanismo de transmisión de la política monetaria a través de los salarios reales y la oferta de trabajo. El trade-off inflación producto depende de la calificación de los trabajadores y de la elasticidad de la oferta de trabajo al salario real. Se plantea un modelo teórico simple que incorpora la segmentación entre trabajadores calificados y no calificados y las restricciones en el acceso al sistema financiero. Utilizando el método generalizado de momentos se estima la elasticidad de Frisch de la oferta de trabajo. Se construyeron series de salarios representativos y de horas ofrecidas al mercado, utilizando una aproximación diferente a la encontrada en la literatura en general, que utiliza el número de horas trabajadas. La estimación puntual arrojó una elasticidad de Frisch de 0,31 y una elasticidad de sustitución intertemporal de 0,42. La oferta laboral es inelástica en Colombia, generando que los costos en términos de producción de la estabilización de precios sean importantes.

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Paper provided by Banco de la Republica de Colombia in its series Borradores de Economia with number 555.

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