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La transmisión de la política monetaria sobre el consumo en presencia de restricciones de liquidez

  • Ana María Iregui B.

    ()

  • Ligia Alba Melo B.

    ()

El objetivo de este documento es evaluar el impacto de la política monetaria, sobre el consumo de los hogares colombianos, a través del efecto que ésta tiene sobre la tasa de interés. Para esto, se utiliza un modelo que combina elementos de la hipótesis del ingreso permanente y del ciclo de vida. Adicionalmente, se incorporan restricciones de liquidez debido al poco acceso de la población al sistema financiero en Colombia. El análisis empírico se realiza a partir de un ejercicio de calibración de una función consumo, utilizando información trimestral para el período 1994-2006, en el cual se considera, de un lado, que toda la población tiene acceso al sistema financiero y, de otro, que un segmento de la población no tiene acceso. En el primer caso, la calibración arroja una elasticidad de sustitución intertemporal de 0,405, y se encuentra que un choque inesperado a la tasa de interés de un punto porcentual disminuye, ceteris paribus, el consumo corriente en 0,41%. En el segundo caso, se obtiene una elasticidad intertemporal de sustitución de 0,445, cuando se supone que el 43% del ingreso laboral pertenece a los consumidores con restricciones de liquidez; entre más alto sea este porcentaje, mayor será la elasticidad intertemporal de sustitución.

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Paper provided by Banco de la Republica de Colombia in its series Borradores de Economia with number 547.

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