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El ahorro de los hogares en Colombia

Listed author(s):
  • Ligia Melo B.


  • Juana Téllez C.


  • Héctor Zárate S.

En este documento se presenta un análisis del comportamiento del ahorro de los hogares y sus determinantes, considerando una perspectiva a largo plazo para el período 1950-2004, y otra a corto plazo a nivel microeconómico, utilizando la información de las encuestas de calidad de vida de 1997 y 2003. A nivel agregado, con base en un análisis de cointegración, se encontró una relación de largo plazo entre la tasa de ahorro de los hogares, el PIB per cápita, los impuestos directos y una medida de profundización financiera. A nivel microeconómico se realiza un análisis de las tasas de ahorro, agrupadas según las características socioeconómicas de los hogares y para diferentes definiciones de ahorro, considerando la inversión en capital humano y la compra de bienes durables. Adicionalmente, se presenta un aná- lisis del comportamiento del ahorro a partir de la hipótesis del ciclo de vida, utilizado los perfiles de ahorro por año de nacimiento del jefe del hogar: los resultados muestran que tanto el ingreso como el consumo registran un comportamiento de U invertida, sugiriendo que para el caso colombiano no hay evidencia de que se cumpla dicha hipótesis. Finalmente, al comparar los datos de ahorro de los hogares a nivel agregado, con los datos obtenidos a partir de la información de las encuestas, se encuentran diferencias que se pueden explicar por razones metodológicas y por el cambio en la distribución de los ingresos y de los gastos registrados entre 1997 y 2003.

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Article provided by Banco de la Republica de Colombia in its journal Ensayos sobre Política Económica.

Volume (Year): 24 (2006)
Issue (Month): 52 (Diciembre)
Pages: 110-161

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Handle: RePEc:bdr:ensayo:v:24:y:2006:i:52:p:110-161
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  1. Martin Browning & Annamaria Lusardi, 1996. "Household Saving: Micro Theories and Micro Facts," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 34(4), pages 1797-1855, December.
  2. Philippe Aghion & Diego Comin & Peter Howitt & Isabel Tecu, 2016. "When Does Domestic Savings Matter for Economic Growth?," IMF Economic Review, Palgrave Macmillan;International Monetary Fund, vol. 64(3), pages 381-407, August.
  3. Bayoumi, Tamim, 1993. "Financial Deregulation and Household Saving," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 103(421), pages 1432-1443, November.
  4. Martin Browning & Thomas F. Crossley, 2001. "The Life-Cycle Model of Consumption and Saving," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 15(3), pages 3-22, Summer.
  5. Orazio P. Attanasio, 1998. "Cohort Analysis of Saving Behavior by U.S. Households," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 33(3), pages 575-609.
  6. Orazio P. Attanasio, 1993. "A Cohort Analysis of Saving Behavior by U.S. Households," NBER Working Papers 4454, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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