IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/a/bdr/ensayo/v25y2007i55p40-83.html
   My bibliography  Save this article

Determinantes del acceso al crédito de los hogares colombianos

Author

Listed:
  • ANDRÉS MURCIA PABÓN

    ()

Abstract

En este documento se busca identifi car los determinantes de acceso al crédito de los hogares colombianos; así, se encuentra que características tales como el ingreso, la riqueza, la posición geográfi ca, el acceso a la seguridad social, el nivel de educación y la edad infl uyen sobre la probabilidad de ser usuario de los servicios fi nancieros acá analizados (tarjeta de crédito y crédito hipotecario). Adicionalmente, se encontró que una porción importante de población cuenta con unas condiciones fi nancieras favorables (representados en unas altas tasas de ahorro) y no cuentan con acceso a servicios fi nancieros, lo cual sugiere que podría haber posibilidades de expandir la oferta de crédito a ciertos segmentos. Classification-JEL:C25, C43, D19, D59

Suggested Citation

  • Andrés Murcia Pabón, 2007. "Determinantes del acceso al crédito de los hogares colombianos," Revista ESPE - Ensayos sobre Política Económica, Banco de la Republica de Colombia, vol. 25(55), pages 40-83, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:ensayo:v:25:y:2007:i:55:p:40-83
    DOI: 10.32468/Espe.5502
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: https://doi.org/10.32468/Espe.5502
    Download Restriction: no
    ---><---

    Other versions of this item:

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Diagne, Aliou & Zeller, Manfred & Sharma, Manohar, 2000. "Empirical measurements of households' access to credit and credit constraints in developing countries," FCND briefs 90, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    2. Fumio Hayashi, 1985. "The Effect of Liquidity Constraints on Consumption: A Cross-Sectional Analysis," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 100(1), pages 183-206.
    3. Hall, Robert E, 1978. "Stochastic Implications of the Life Cycle-Permanent Income Hypothesis: Theory and Evidence," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 86(6), pages 971-987, December.
    4. Ligia Melo B. & Juana Téllez C. & Héctor Zárate S., 2006. "El ahorro de los hogares en Colombia," Revista ESPE - Ensayos sobre Política Económica, Banco de la Republica de Colombia, vol. 24(52), pages 110-161, December.
    5. Leonardo Villar Gómez & David Salamanca Rojas & Andrés Murcia Pabón, 2005. "Crédito, Represión Financiera y Flujos de Capitales en Colombia: 1974-2003," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 002236, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
    6. Adolfo Barajas & Roberto Steiner, 2002. "Credit Stagnation in Latin America," IMF Working Papers 2002/053, International Monetary Fund.
    7. Dairo Estrada & Sandra Rozo, 2006. "Multimarket spatial competition in the Colombian deposit market," Borradores de Economia 413, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    8. Stijn Claessens, 2006. "Access to Financial Services: A Review of the Issues and Public Policy Objectives," World Bank Research Observer, World Bank Group, vol. 21(2), pages 207-240.
    9. Carlos Medina & Jairo Núñez, 2006. "La Oferta De Servicios Del Sector Financiero Formal En Bogotã," Documentos CEDE 003043, Universidad de los Andes - CEDE.
    10. Levine, Ross, 2005. "Finance and Growth: Theory and Evidence," Handbook of Economic Growth, in: Philippe Aghion & Steven Durlauf (ed.), Handbook of Economic Growth, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 12, pages 865-934, Elsevier.
    11. Bester, Helmut, 1985. "Screening vs. Rationing in Credit Markets with Imperfect Information," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 75(4), pages 850-855, September.
    12. Andrés Murcia Pabón & Hernán Piñeros G., 2006. "Situación del crédito en Colombia desde la perspectiva del sector financiero," Temas de Estabilidad Financiera 016, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    13. de la Torre, Augusto & Gozzi, Juan Carlos & Schmukler, Sergio L., 2007. "Innovative experiences in access to finance : market friendly roles for the visible hand ?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4326, The World Bank.
    14. Beck, Thorsten & de la Torre, Augusto, 2006. "The basic analytics of access to financial services," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4026, The World Bank.
    15. Andrés Murcia Pabón & Hernán Piñeros G., 2006. "Determinantes de la oferta de crédito en el sector financiero colombiano," Temas de Estabilidad Financiera 021, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    16. Zeller, Manfred, 1994. "Determinants of credit rationing," FCND discussion papers 2, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    17. Jorge Baca-Campodónico & Luiz de Mello & Andrei Kirilenko, 2006. "The Rates and Revenue of Bank Transaction Taxes," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 494, OECD Publishing.
    18. Tullio Jappelli, 1990. "Who is Credit Constrained in the U. S. Economy?," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 105(1), pages 219-234.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. Arbeláez, María Angélica & Steiner, Roberto & Becerra, Alejandro & Wills, Daniel, 2011. "Housing Tenure and Housing Demand in Colombia," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 3809, Inter-American Development Bank.
    2. Arbelaez, Maria Angelica & Camacho, Carolina & Fajardo, Johanna, 2011. "Low-income housing finance in Colombia," MPRA Paper 33531, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Luis E. Arango & Lina Cardona-Sosa, 2019. "Tarjetas de crédito en personas de ingresos medios y bajos en Colombia: ¿qué determina su uso?," Borradores de Economia 1089, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    4. Ana María Iregui B. & Ligia Alba Melo B., 2009. "La transmisión de la política monetaria sobre el consumo en presencia de restricciones de liquidez," Borradores de Economia 547, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    5. Carlos León & Clara Machado & Andrés Murcia, 2013. "Macro-prudential assessment of Colombian financial institutions’ systemic importance," Borradores de Economia 800, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    6. Carmen Hoyo & Ximena Pena & David Tuesta, 2013. "Demand factors that influence financial inclusion in Mexico: analysis of the barriers based on the ENIF survey," Working Papers 1337, BBVA Bank, Economic Research Department.
    7. Ana María Iregui-Bohórquez & Ligia Alba Melo-Becerra & María Teresa Ramírez-Giraldo & Ana María Tribín-Uribe, 2016. "Determinantes del acceso al crédito formal e informal: Evidencia de los hogares de ingresos medios y bajos en Colombia," Borradores de Economia 956, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    8. Anzoategui Zapata, Juan Camilo, 2014. "Restricción a la liquidez en Colombia [Restriction liquidity Colombia]," MPRA Paper 62043, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    9. Daisy Johana Pacheco & Ana María Yaruro, 2018. "Factors Affecting Ownership of Financial Products in Colombia," Investigación Conjunta-Joint Research, in: María José Roa García & Diana Mejía (ed.), Financial Decisions of Households and Financial Inclusion: Evidence for Latin America and the Caribbean, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 6, pages 157-192, Centro de Estudios Monetarios Latinoamericanos, CEMLA.
    10. Arango, Luis E. & Cardona-Sosa, Lina & Pedraza-Jiménez, Nataly, 2021. "The use of credit cards among low- and middle-income individuals in Colombia and the channels of monetary policy," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 94(C), pages 150-169.
    11. Luis Alberto Merchán Benavides, 2018. "¿Afecta la distancia de residencia a los centros urbanos la calidad en la cartera de creditos? Caso aplicado a una entidad financiera de Colombia," Vniversitas Económica 016451, Universidad Javeriana - Bogotá.
    12. Ana María Iregui-Bohórquez & Ligia Alba Melo-Becerra & María Teresa Ramírez-Giraldo & Ana María Tribín-Uribe, 2018. "Formal and Informal Household Credit in Colombia," Investigación Conjunta-Joint Research, in: María José Roa García & Diana Mejía (ed.), Financial Decisions of Households and Financial Inclusion: Evidence for Latin America and the Caribbean, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 5, pages 125-156, Centro de Estudios Monetarios Latinoamericanos, CEMLA.
    13. Francisco Fernández López, 2017. "Impacto de la informalidad laboral sobre el acceso a crédito formal," Coyuntura Económica, Fedesarrollo, vol. 47(1 y 2), pages 169-204, December.
    14. Luis Eduardo Arango & Lina Cardona-Sosa, 2015. "Determinants of consumer credit within a constrained framework: evidence from Colombian microdata," Borradores de Economia 912, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    15. Ana María Iregui-Bohórquez & Ligia Alba Melo-Becerra & María Teresa Ramírez-Giraldo & Ana María Tribín-Uribe, 2018. "Crédito formal e informal de los hogares en Colombia," Investigación Conjunta-Joint Research, in: María José Roa García & Diana Mejía (ed.), Decisiones financieras de los hogares e inclusión financiera: evidencia para América Latina y el Caribe, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 5, pages 133-166, Centro de Estudios Monetarios Latinoamericanos, CEMLA.
    16. Luis E. Arango & Lina Cardona-Sosa, 2015. "Determinants of consumer credit within a debt constrained framework. Evidence from microdata," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 013965, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
    17. Carmen Hoyo & Ximena Pena & David Tuesta, 2013. "Factores de demanda que influyen en la Inclusion Financiera en Mexico. Analisis de las barreras a partir de la ENIF," Working Papers 1336, BBVA Bank, Economic Research Department.

    Most related items

    These are the items that most often cite the same works as this one and are cited by the same works as this one.
    1. Alejandra Anastasi & Emilio Blanco & Pedro Elosegui & Máximo Sangiácomo, 2010. "Bankarization and Determinants of Availability of Banking Services in Argentina," Ensayos Económicos, Central Bank of Argentina, Economic Research Department, vol. 1(60), pages 137-209, October -.
    2. Barbara CAVALLETTI & Corrado LAGAZIO & Daniela VANDONE, 2008. "Il credito al consumo in Italia: benessere economico o fragilita’ finanziaria?," Departmental Working Papers 2008-24, Department of Economics, Management and Quantitative Methods at Università degli Studi di Milano.
    3. Simtowe, Franklin & Zeller, Manfred & Diagne, Aliou, 2009. "The impact of credit constraints on the adoption of hybrid maize in Malawi," Review of Agricultural and Environmental Studies - Revue d'Etudes en Agriculture et Environnement (RAEStud), Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA), vol. 90(1).
    4. Abbi M. Kedir & Ibrahim,Gamal, 2012. "Household-Level Credit Constraints in Urban Ethiopia," Ethiopian Journal of Economics, Ethiopian Economics Association, vol. 20(1), September.
    5. Demirguc-Kunt, Asli, 2006. "Finance and economic development : policy choices for developing countries," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3955, The World Bank.
    6. Attanasio, Orazio P., 1995. "The intertemporal allocation of consumption: theory and evidence," Carnegie-Rochester Conference Series on Public Policy, Elsevier, vol. 42(1), pages 39-56, June.
    7. Brady, Ryan R., 2008. "Structural breaks and consumer credit: Is consumption smoothing finally a reality?," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 30(3), pages 1246-1268, September.
    8. Baugh, Brian & Ben-David, Itzhak & Park, Hoonsuk, 2013. "Disentangling Financial Constraints, Precautionary Savings, and Myopia: Household Behavior Surrounding Federal Tax Returns," Working Paper Series 2013-20, Ohio State University, Charles A. Dice Center for Research in Financial Economics.
    9. Annicchiarico, Barbara & Surricchio, Silvia & Waldmann, Robert J., 2019. "A behavioral model of the credit cycle," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 166(C), pages 53-83.
    10. Leonardo Villar Gómez & David Salamanca Rojas & Andrés Murcia Pabón, 2005. "Crédito, Represión Financiera y Flujos de Capitales en Colombia: 1974-2003," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 002236, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
    11. Barbara Cavalletti & Corrado Lagazio & Daniela Vandone & Elena Lagomarsino, 2012. "The role of financial position on consumer indebted-ness. An empirical analysis in Italy," DEP - series of economic working papers 8/2012, University of Genoa, Research Doctorate in Public Economics.
    12. Alberto Huidobro, 2014. "Differences between loans granted by commercial and development banks: A cross-sectional analysis of interest rate margins," Estudios Económicos, El Colegio de México, Centro de Estudios Económicos, vol. 29(2), pages 163-224.
    13. Gianni La Cava & John Simon, 2003. "A Tale of Two Surveys: Household Debt and Financial Constraints in Australia," RBA Research Discussion Papers rdp2003-08, Reserve Bank of Australia.
    14. Petra Gerlach-Kristen, 2014. "Testing the Permanent Income Hypothesis for Irish Households, 1994 to 2005," The Economic and Social Review, Economic and Social Studies, vol. 45(4), pages 511-535.
    15. Orazio P. Attanasio, 1998. "Consumption Demand," NBER Working Papers 6466, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    16. John V. Duca & Stuart S. Rosenthal, 1991. "An econometric analysis of borrowing constraints and household debt," Working Papers 9111, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas.
    17. Alfred Hannig & Stefan Jansen, 2010. "Financial Inclusion and Financial Stability : Current Policy Issues," Finance Working Papers 23124, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research.
    18. Dimelis, Sophia & Giotopoulos, Ioannis & Louri, Helen, 2015. "Can firms grow without credit?: evidence from the Euro Area, 2005-2011: a quantile panel analysis," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 61157, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    19. Thorsten Beck & Asli Demirguc-Kunt, 2005. "Law and Firms' Access to Finance," American Law and Economics Review, Oxford University Press, vol. 7(1), pages 211-252.
    20. Muhammad Shahbaz & Mita Bhattacharya & Mantu Kumar Mahalik, 2017. "Finance and income inequality in Kazakhstan: evidence since transition with policy suggestions," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 49(52), pages 5337-5351, November.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    hogares; bancarización; acceso al crédito;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C25 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Discrete Regression and Qualitative Choice Models; Discrete Regressors; Proportions; Probabilities
    • C43 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics - - - Index Numbers and Aggregation
    • D19 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Other
    • D59 - Microeconomics - - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium - - - Other

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:bdr:ensayo:v:25:y:2007:i:55:p:40-83. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Clorith Angélica Bahos Olivera). General contact details of provider: https://edirc.repec.org/data/brcgvco.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.