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Determinantes Del Acceso Al Crédito De Los Hogares Colombianos

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  • Andrés Murcia Pabón

    ()

Abstract

Este documento busca identificar los determinantes de acceso al crédito de los hogares colombianos y encuentra que características tales como el ingreso, la riqueza, la posición geográfica, el acceso a la seguridad social, el nivel de educación y la edad afectan la probabilidad de ser usuario de los servicios financieros acá analizados (tarjeta de crédito y crédito hipotecario). Adicionalmente se encontró que una porción importante de población cuenta con unas condiciones financieras favorables (representados en unas altas tasas de ahorro) y no cuentan con acceso a servicios financieros, lo cual sugiere que podría haber posibilidades de expandir la oferta de crédito a ciertos segmentos.

Suggested Citation

  • Andrés Murcia Pabón, 2007. "Determinantes Del Acceso Al Crédito De Los Hogares Colombianos," Borradores de Economia 449, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:449
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Diagne, Aliou & Zeller, Manfred & Sharma, Manohar, 2000. "Empirical measurements of households' access to credit and credit constraints in developing countries," FCND briefs 90, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    2. Carlos Medina & Jairo Núñez, 2006. "La Oferta De Servicios Del Sector Financiero Formal En Bogotá," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 003043, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
    3. Hall, Robert E, 1978. "Stochastic Implications of the Life Cycle-Permanent Income Hypothesis: Theory and Evidence," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 86(6), pages 971-987, December.
    4. Ligia Melo B. & Juana Téllez C. & Héctor Zárate S. Author-Email:hzaratso@banrep.gov.co, 2006. "El ahorro de los hogares en Colombia," Ensayos sobre Política Económica, Banco de la Republica de Colombia, vol. 24(52), pages 110-161, Diciembre.
    5. Villar Gómez Leonardo & David M. Salamanca Rojas & Andrés Murcia Pabón, 2005. "Crédito, represión financiera y flujos de capitales en Colombia: 1974-2003," REVISTA DESARROLLO Y SOCIEDAD, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE, May.
    6. Andrés Murcia Pabón & Hernán Piñeros G., 2006. "Situación del crédito en Colombia desde la perspectiva del sector financiero," Temas de Estabilidad Financiera 016, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    7. Claessens, Stijn, 2006. "Access to financial services: a review of the issues and public policy objectives," Journal of Financial Transformation, Capco Institute, vol. 17, pages 16-19.
    8. de la Torre, Augusto & Gozzi, Juan Carlos & Schmukler, Sergio L., 2007. "Innovative experiences in access to finance : market friendly roles for the visible hand ?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4326, The World Bank.
    9. Beck, Thorsten & de la Torre, Augusto, 2006. "The basic analytics of access to financial services," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4026, The World Bank.
    10. Levine, Ross, 2005. "Finance and Growth: Theory and Evidence," Handbook of Economic Growth,in: Philippe Aghion & Steven Durlauf (ed.), Handbook of Economic Growth, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 12, pages 865-934 Elsevier.
    11. Adolfo Barajas & Roberto Steiner, 2002. "Credit Stagnation in Latin America," IMF Working Papers 02/53, International Monetary Fund.
    12. Fumio Hayashi, 1985. "The Effect of Liquidity Constraints on Consumption: A Cross-Sectional Analysis," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 100(1), pages 183-206.
    13. Tullio Jappelli, 1990. "Who is Credit Constrained in the U. S. Economy?," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 105(1), pages 219-234.
    14. Andrés Murcia Pabón & Hernán Piñeros G., 2006. "Determinantes de la oferta de crédito en el sector financiero colombiano," Temas de Estabilidad Financiera 021, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    15. Zeller, Manfred, 1994. "Determinants of credit rationing," FCND discussion papers 2, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    16. Dairo Estrada & Sandra Rozo, 2006. "Multimarket spatial competition in the Colombian deposit market," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 003264, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
    17. Jorge Baca-Campodónico & Luiz de Mello & Andrei Kirilenko, 2006. "The Rates and Revenue of Bank Transaction Taxes," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 494, OECD Publishing.
    18. Bester, Helmut, 1985. "Screening vs. Rationing in Credit Markets with Imperfect Information," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 75(4), pages 850-855, September.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Luis Eduardo Arango & Lina Cardona-Sosa, 2015. "Determinants of consumer credit within a debt constrained framework. Evidence from microdata," Borradores de Economia 912, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    2. Carlos León & Clara Machado & Andrés Murcia, 2013. "Macro-prudential assessment of Colombian financial institutions’ systemic importance," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 011105, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
    3. Ana María Iregui B. & Ligia Alba Melo B., 2009. "La transmisión de la política monetaria sobre el consumo en presencia de restricciones de liquidez," Borradores de Economia 547, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    4. repec:cml:incocp:7en-05 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Carmen Hoyo & Ximena Pena & David Tuesta, 2013. "Demand factors that influence financial inclusion in Mexico: analysis of the barriers based on the ENIF survey," Working Papers 1337, BBVA Bank, Economic Research Department.
    6. repec:cml:incocp:7sp-05 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Ana María Iregui-Bohórquez & Ligia Alba Melo-Becerra & María Teresa Ramírez-Giraldo & Ana María Tribín-Uribe, 2016. "Determinantes del acceso al crédito formal e informal: Evidencia de los hogares de ingresos medios y bajos en Colombia," Borradores de Economia 956, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    8. Carmen Hoyo & Ximena Pena & David Tuesta, 2013. "Factores de demanda que influyen en la Inclusion Financiera en Mexico. Analisis de las barreras a partir de la ENIF," Working Papers 1336, BBVA Bank, Economic Research Department.
    9. Anzoategui Zapata, Juan Camilo, 2014. "Restricción a la liquidez en Colombia
      [Restriction liquidity Colombia]
      ," MPRA Paper 62043, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Hogares; Bancarización; Acceso al crédito. Classification JEL: C25; C43; D19; D59.;

    JEL classification:

    • C25 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Discrete Regression and Qualitative Choice Models; Discrete Regressors; Proportions; Probabilities
    • C43 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics - - - Index Numbers and Aggregation
    • D19 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Other
    • D59 - Microeconomics - - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium - - - Other

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