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La elasticidad de Frisch y la transmisión de la política monetaria en Colombia

  • Juan David Prada Sarmiento

    ()

  • Luis Eduardo Rojas Dueñas

    ()

Este artículo estudia el mecanismo de transmisión de la política monetaria a través delos salarios reales y la oferta de trabajo. El trade-off inflación producto depende de lacalificación de los trabajadores y de la elasticidad de la oferta de trabajo al salario real.Se plantea un modelo teórico simple que incorpora la segmentación entre trabajadorescalificados y no calificados y las restricciones en el acceso al sistema financiero. Utilizandoel método generalizado de momentos se estima la elasticidad de Frisch de la oferta detrabajo. Se construyeron series de salarios representativos y de horas ofrecidas al mercado,utilizando una aproximación diferente a la encontrada en la literatura en general, queutiliza el número de horas trabajadas. La estimación puntual arrojó una elasticidad deFrisch de 0;31 y una elasticidad de sustitución intertemporal de 0;42. La oferta laborales inelástica en Colombia, generando que los costos en términos de producción de laestabilización de precios sean importantes.

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Paper provided by BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA in its series BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA with number 005404.

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Length: 56
Date of creation: 19 Mar 2009
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Handle: RePEc:col:000094:005404
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  1. Richard Blundell & Thomas MaCurdy, 1998. "Labour supply: a review of alternative approaches," IFS Working Papers W98/18, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
  2. Sachiko Kuroda & Isamu Yamamoto, 2007. "Estimating Frisch Labor Supply Elasticity in Japan," IMES Discussion Paper Series 07-E-05, Institute for Monetary and Economic Studies, Bank of Japan.
  3. Christopher J. Erceg & Luca Guerrieri & Christopher Gust, 2006. "SIGMA: A New Open Economy Model for Policy Analysis," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 2(1), March.
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  5. Ana María Iregui & Ligia Alba Melo B., 2009. "La transmisión de la política monetaria sobre el consumo en presencia de restricciones de liquidez," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 005254, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  6. MaCurdy, Thomas E, 1981. "An Empirical Model of Labor Supply in a Life-Cycle Setting," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 89(6), pages 1059-85, December.
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  9. Francois Gourio & Pierre-Alexandre Noual, 2006. "The Marginal Worker and the Aggregate Elasticity of Labor Supply," 2006 Meeting Papers 509, Society for Economic Dynamics.
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  11. Cogley, Timothy & Sargent, Thomas J., 2005. "The conquest of U.S. inflation: learning and robustness to model uncertainty," Working Paper Series 0478, European Central Bank.
  12. Hansen, Gary D., 1985. "Indivisible labor and the business cycle," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 16(3), pages 309-327, November.
  13. Jeanne, Olivier, 1998. "Generating real persistent effects of monetary shocks: How much nominal rigidity do we really need?," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 42(6), pages 1009-1032, June.
  14. David Domeij & Martin Floden, 2006. "The Labor-Supply Elasticity and Borrowing Constraints: Why Estimates are Biased," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 9(2), pages 242-262, April.
  15. Hansen, Lars Peter & Sargent, Thomas J., 1980. "Formulating and estimating dynamic linear rational expectations models," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 2(1), pages 7-46, May.
  16. Michiel Evers & Ruud Mooij & Daniel Vuuren, 2008. "The Wage Elasticity of Labour Supply: A Synthesis of Empirical Estimates," De Economist, Springer, vol. 156(1), pages 25-43, March.
  17. Prescott, Edward C., 1986. "Theory ahead of business-cycle measurement," Carnegie-Rochester Conference Series on Public Policy, Elsevier, vol. 25(1), pages 11-44, January.
  18. Miles S. Kimball & Matthew D. Shapiro, 2008. "Labor Supply: Are the Income and Substitution Effects Both Large or Both Small?," NBER Working Papers 14208, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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