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Liquidity Constraints and the Substitutability between Private and Government Consumption: The Role of Military and Non-military Spending

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  • Evans, Paul
  • Karras, Georgios

Abstract

Using data from sixty-six economies, the authors examine (1) the substitutability between private consumption and military and nonmilitary government spending and (2) the severity of liquidity constraints. Although the estimated substitutability parameters are fragile, private consumption and nonmilitary government spending are shown to be generally substitutes, whereas private consumption and military spending are better described as complements. The fraction of income that accrues to liquidity constrained households is typically positive and the severity of liquidity constraints, which is robust and precisely estimated, is shown to be negatively related to saving rates and positively related to the variability of transitory income. Copyright 1998 by Oxford University Press.

Suggested Citation

  • Evans, Paul & Karras, Georgios, 1998. "Liquidity Constraints and the Substitutability between Private and Government Consumption: The Role of Military and Non-military Spending," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 36(2), pages 203-214, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:ecinqu:v:36:y:1998:i:2:p:203-14
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    Cited by:

    1. G. Everaert & L. Pozzi & -, 2010. "The Stickiness of Aggregate Consumption Growth in OECD Countries: A Panel Data Analysis," Working Papers of Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, Ghent University, Belgium 10/654, Ghent University, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.
    2. POZZI Lorenzo & HEYLEN Freddy & DOSSCHE Maarten, "undated". "Government Debt and the Excess Sensitivity of Private Consumption to Current Income: An Empirical Analysis for OECD Countries," EcoMod2003 330700125, EcoMod.
    3. repec:wly:econjl:v:127:y:2017:i:603:p:1568-1597 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Pozzi, Lorenzo, 2006. "Ricardian equivalence under imperfect information," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 90(10-11), pages 2009-2026, November.
    5. Woon Gyu Choi & Michael B. Devereux, 2006. "Asymmetric Effects of Government Spending: Does the Level of Real Interest Rates Matter?," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 53(si), pages 1-8.
    6. Gisle James Natvik, 2009. "Government Spending and the Taylor Principle," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 41(1), pages 57-77, February.
    7. Griet Malengier & Lorenzo Pozzi, 2005. "Examining Ricardian Equivalence by estimating and bootstrapping a nonlinear dynamic panel model," Money Macro and Finance (MMF) Research Group Conference 2005 61, Money Macro and Finance Research Group.
    8. Gerdie Everaert & Lorenzo Pozzi & Ruben Schoonackers, 2016. "On The Stability Of The Excess Sensitivity Of Aggregate Consumption Growth In The Us," Working Papers of Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, Ghent University, Belgium 16/917, Ghent University, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.
    9. Valerio Ercolani & João Valle e Azevedo, 2018. "How can the government spending multiplier be small at the zero lower bound?," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 1174, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    10. ANORUO, Emmanuel & AKPOM, Uchenna, 2016. "Military Spending-Household Consumption Nexus: A Heterogeneous Panel Data Approach - La relazione tra spesa militare e consumi delle fam iglie: un approccio panel data," Economia Internazionale / International Economics, Camera di Commercio Industria Artigianato Agricoltura di Genova, vol. 69(3), pages 175-192.
    11. Nadav Ben Zeev & Evi Pappa, 2017. "Chronicle of a War Foretold: The Macroeconomic Effects of Anticipated Defence Spending Shocks," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 127(603), pages 1568-1597, August.

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