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Public Consumption Over the Business Cycle

  • Ruediger Bachmann

    (University of Michigan)

This paper characterizes quantitatively the business cycle dynamics of public consumption in a neoclassical representative household model with endogenous and time-consistent public policy. We show that a simple frictionless version of such a model with productivity as the only aggregate driving force fails to match important features of the business cycle dynamics of U.S. public consumption. It is not persistent enough and too synchronized with the cycle. We add implementation lags and costs in the budgeting process as frictions plus taste shocks for public consumption relative to private consumption, and achieve a substantially better match to the data. All these ingredients are necessary to improve the fit.

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Paper provided by Society for Economic Dynamics in its series 2011 Meeting Papers with number 701.

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Date of creation: 2011
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Handle: RePEc:red:sed011:701
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Society for Economic Dynamics Marina Azzimonti Department of Economics Stonybrook University 10 Nicolls Road Stonybrook NY 11790 USA

Web page: http://www.EconomicDynamics.org/
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  1. V. V. Chari & Patrick J. Kehoe & Ellen R. McGrattan, 2007. "Comparing alternative representations and alternative methodologies in business cycle accounting," Staff Report 384, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.
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  3. Andrew Mountford & Harald Uhlig, 2009. "What are the effects of fiscal policy shocks?," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 24(6), pages 960-992.
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  8. Tauchen, George, 1986. "Finite state markov-chain approximations to univariate and vector autoregressions," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 20(2), pages 177-181.
  9. Ruediger Bachmann & Jinhui Bai, 2012. "Online Appendix to "Politico-Economic Inequality and the Comovement of Government Purchases"," Technical Appendices 11-243, Review of Economic Dynamics.
  10. Olivier Blanchard & Roberto Perotti, 1999. "An Empirical Characterization of the Dynamic Effects of Changes in Government Spending and Taxes on Output," NBER Working Papers 7269, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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  12. Eric M. Leeper & Michael Plante & Nora Traum, 2009. "Dynamics Of Fiscal Financing In The United States," Caepr Working Papers 2009-012, Center for Applied Economics and Policy Research, Economics Department, Indiana University Bloomington.
  13. Marco Battaglini & Stephen Coate, 2006. "A Dynamic Theory of Public Spending, Taxation and Debt," NajEcon Working Paper Reviews 321307000000000026, www.najecon.org.
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  15. Ruediger Bachmann & Jinhui Bai, 2010. "Government Purchases Over the Business Cycle: the Role of Economic and Political Inequality," NBER Working Papers 16247, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  16. King, R.G. & Baxter, M., 1990. "Fiscal Policy In General Equilibrium," RCER Working Papers 244, University of Rochester - Center for Economic Research (RCER).
  17. Marco Battaglini & Stephen Coate, 2008. "Fiscal Policy over the Real Business Cycle: A Positive Theory," NBER Working Papers 14047, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  18. Paul Klein & Per Krusell & José-Víctor Ríos-Rull, 2008. "Time-Consistent Public Policy," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 75(3), pages 789-808.
  19. Debortoli, Davide & Nunes, Ricardo, 2010. "Fiscal policy under loose commitment," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 145(3), pages 1005-1032, May.
  20. marina, azzimonti, 2009. "Barriers to investment in polarized societies," MPRA Paper 25936, University Library of Munich, Germany.
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