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The Inflation-Unemployment Trade-Off at Low Inflation

  • Pierpaolo Benigno
  • Luca Antonio Ricci

Wage setters take into account the future consequences of their current wage choices in the presence of downward nominal wage rigidities. Several interesting implications arise. First, a closed-form solution for a long-run Phillips curve relates average unemployment to average wage inflation; the curve is virtually vertical for high inflation rates but becomes flatter as inflation declines. Second, macroeconomic volatility shifts the Phillips curve outward, implying that stabilization policies can play an important role in shaping the trade-off. Third, nominal wages tend to be endogenously rigid also upward, at low inflation. Fourth, when inflation decreases, volatility of unemployment increases whereas the volatility of inflation decreases: this implies a long-run trade-off also between the volatility of unemployment and that of wage inflation.

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Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 13986.

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Date of creation: May 2008
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Publication status: published as “The Inflation - Output Trade - Off with Downward Wage Rigidities,” The American Economic Review , V ol. 101, No. 4, pp. 1436 - 14 66, (2011) .
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:13986
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