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Downward Nominal Wage Rigidity in Europe

Listed author(s):
  • Steinar Holden

    ()

    (Department of Economics, University of Oslo and Norges Bank)

  • Fredrik Wulfsberg

    ()

    (Norges Bank)

This paper explores the existence of downward nominal wage rigidity (DNWR) in the industry sectors of 14 European countries, over the period 1973–1999, using a data set of hourly nominal wages at industry level. Based on a novel nonparametric statistical method, which allows for country and year specific variation in both the median and the dispersion of industry wage changes, we reject the hypothesis of no DNWR. The fraction of wage cuts prevented due to DNWR has fallen over time, from 70 percent in the 1970s to 20 percent in the 1990s, but the number of industries affected by DNWR has increased. Wage cuts are less likely in countries and years with high inflation, low unemployment, high union density and strict employment protection legislation.

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Paper provided by Norges Bank in its series Working Paper with number 2004/5.

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Length: 33 pages
Date of creation: 29 Mar 2004
Handle: RePEc:bno:worpap:2004_05
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