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Asimetrías del empleo y el producto, una aproximación de equilibrio general

  • Andrés González

    ()

  • Sergio Ocampo

    ()

  • Diego Rodríguez

    ()

  • Norberto Rodríguez

    ()

La evidencia empírica para Colombia muestra relaciones tanto positivas como negativas entre el crecimiento del producto y empleo, a diferencia de lo encontrado en economías desarrolladas como la de los Estados Unidos. El presente trabajo usa modelos VAR y de Equilibrio General Dinámico y Estocástico para abordar explicaciones de ese fenómeno. Los resultados obtenidos, usando datos trimestrales para Colombia, son consistentes para las dos metodologías; se encuentra que la correlación entre el producto y el empleo es condicional a la fuerza motora del ciclo económico. En particular se encuentra que choques tecnológicos inducen una correlación negativa entre producto y empleo, mientras choques no tecnológicos inducen la correlación contraria.

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Paper provided by Banco de la Republica de Colombia in its series Borradores de Economia with number 663.

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