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Commodity price shocks and the business cycle: Structural evidence for the U.S

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  • Gubler, Matthias
  • Hertweck, Matthias S.

Abstract

This paper evaluates the relative importance of commodity price shocks in the U.S. business cycle. Therefore, we extend the standard set of business cycle shocks to include unexpected changes in commodity prices. The resulting SVAR shows that commodity price shocks are a very important driving force of macroeconomic fluctuations — second only to investment-specific technology shocks — particularly with respect to inflation. Neutral technology shocks and monetary policy shocks, on the other hand, seem less relevant at business cycle frequencies. Neutral technology shocks rather play an important role at low frequencies.

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  • Gubler, Matthias & Hertweck, Matthias S., 2013. "Commodity price shocks and the business cycle: Structural evidence for the U.S," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(C), pages 324-352.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jimfin:v:37:y:2013:i:c:p:324-352
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jimonfin.2013.06.012
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    3. Jorge Fornero & Markus Kirchner & Andrés Yany, 2015. "Terms of Trade Shocks and Investment in Commodity-Exporting Economies," Central Banking, Analysis, and Economic Policies Book Series,in: Rodrigo Caputo & Roberto Chang (ed.), Commodity Prices and Macroeconomic Policy, edition 1, volume 22, chapter 5, pages 135-193 Central Bank of Chile.
    4. Jair N. Ojeda-Joya & Oscar Jaulin-Mendez & Juan C. Bustos-Peláez, 2015. "The Interdependence between Commodity-Price and GDP Cycles: A Frequency Domain Approach," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 013991, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Business cycles; Commodity price shocks; Structural VAR;

    JEL classification:

    • C32 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes; State Space Models
    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • Q43 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Energy and the Macroeconomy

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