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Trade in Commodities and Emerging Market Business Cycles

Author

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  • Hakon Tretvoll

    (BI Norwegian Business School)

  • Fernando Leibovici

    (Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis)

  • David Kohn

    (Universidad Catolica de Chile)

Abstract

This paper studies the role of the sectoral composition of production and trade in accounting for emerging market business cycles. We document that in emerging economies the production of commodities is a larger share of total production than in developed ones, and that they run larger sectoral and aggregate trade imbalances. We set up a small open economy model that produces commodities and manufactures and trades them with the rest of the world. We contrast the implied business cycle dynamics of two economies that are respectively calibrated to match the observed differences between developed and emerging countries. In the model, shocks to the relative price of commodities lead to much larger fluctuations in output, net exports and TFP in the emerging economy, accounting for the higher volatility that we observe in the data. A key driver of these effects is that emerging economies consume relatively more manufactures than they produce.

Suggested Citation

  • Hakon Tretvoll & Fernando Leibovici & David Kohn, 2017. "Trade in Commodities and Emerging Market Business Cycles," 2017 Meeting Papers 743, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  • Handle: RePEc:red:sed017:743
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    Cited by:

    1. Vincenzo Quadrini, 2020. "The Impact of Industrialized Countries’ Monetary Policy on Emerging Economies," IMF Economic Review, Palgrave Macmillan;International Monetary Fund, vol. 68(3), pages 550-583, September.
    2. Ridwan Karim & Andrey Stoyanov, 2020. "Output volatility, composition of trade, and transmission of economic shocks across countries," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 28(3), pages 626-655, August.
    3. Damian Romero, 2022. "Domestic Linkages and the Transmission of Commodity Price Shocks," Working Papers Central Bank of Chile 936, Central Bank of Chile.
    4. Diogo de Prince & Emerson Fernandes Marçal & Pedro L. Valls Pereira, 2022. "Forecasting Industrial Production Using Its Aggregated and Disaggregated Series or a Combination of Both: Evidence from One Emerging Market Economy," Econometrics, MDPI, vol. 10(2), pages 1-34, June.
    5. Alejandro Torres García & Laura Wberth Escobar, 2018. "Commodity Prices Shocks and the Balance Sheet Effect in Latin America," Documentos de Trabajo CIEF 016362, Universidad EAFIT.
    6. Jorge Carrera & Gabriel Montes-Rojas & Fernando Toledo, 2021. "Global Financial Cycle, Commodity Terms of Trade and Financial Spreads in Emerging Markets and Developing Economies," Papers 2112.04218, arXiv.org.
    7. Danilo Leiva-Leon & Gabriel Perez-Quiros & Eyno Rots, 2020. "Real-time weakness of the global economy: a first assessment of the coronavirus crisis," Working Papers 2015, Banco de España.
    8. Drechsel, Thomas & McLeay, Michael & Tenreyro, Silvana, 2019. "Monetary policy for commodity booms and busts," CEPR Discussion Papers 14030, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • E23 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Production
    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics
    • F44 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - International Business Cycles

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