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La productividad y sus determinantes:el caso de la industria colombiana

Author

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  • Echavarría Juan José
  • María Angélica Arbeláez
  • María Fernanda Rosales

Abstract

Se analiza en este trabajo la dinámica de la productividad de la industria colombiana en el período 1981-2002. Para ello se realizan cálculos de la productividad total de los factores (PTF) usando técnicas semiparamétricas con datos a nivel de planta. Se muestra que la productividad multifactorial no cayó en Colombia en las décadas de los 1980 y 1990, cuando se miden adecuadamente los factores e insumos y cuando se trabaja con metodologías econométricas adecuadas. El presente estudio sugiere que la productividad creció más en los anos noventa que en los anos ochenta, en buena parte debido al impacto de las reformas económicas adoptadas a comienzo de la década, y que la evolución favorable de la productividad ha estado asociada con la apertura hacia dentro" (i.e., altas importaciones y bajos aranceles y para-aranceles) más que con las mayores exportaciones y subsidios a las exportaciones. En Colombia innovan más las plantas que crecen (o grandes), aquellas con alta inversión (o con alta relación capital-trabajo), con bajos niveles de deuda, y aquellas que operan en sectores poco concentrados. La inversión extranjera no ha sido un factor importante en la innovación de las empresas."

Suggested Citation

  • Echavarría Juan José & María Angélica Arbeláez & María Fernanda Rosales, 2006. "La productividad y sus determinantes:el caso de la industria colombiana," Revista Desarrollo y Sociedad, Universidad de los Andes – Facultad de Economía – CEDE, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000090:003064
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    Cited by:

    1. Juan José Echavarría & Iader Giraldo & Fernando Jaramillo, 2019. "Cadenas globales de valor, crecimiento y protección arancelaria en Colombia," Borradores de Economia 1080, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    2. Andrés Langebaek R. & Diego Vásquez E., 2007. "Determinantes de la actividad innovadora en la industria manufacturera colombiana," Borradores de Economia 433, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    3. Rafael Puyana Martínez-Villaba, 2010. "El efecto Balassa-Samuelson en Colombia," Borradores de Economia 630, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    4. Diana L. Becerra-Peña & María Ximena Lemos Mejía, 2021. "La productividad del sector manufacturero: caso Colombia 2005-2016," Remef - Revista Mexicana de Economía y Finanzas Nueva Época REMEF (The Mexican Journal of Economics and Finance), Instituto Mexicano de Ejecutivos de Finanzas, IMEF, vol. 16(4), pages 1-27, Octubre -.
    5. Camila Casas & Federico J. Diez & Alejandra Gonzalez & Stefany Moreno, 2015. "Productivity and export market participation: evidence from Colombia," Working Papers 14-14, Federal Reserve Bank of Boston.
    6. Claudio Candia & Medardo Aguirre & Natalia Correa & María J. Herrera, 2016. "La productividad total de factores en el sector manufacturero chileno," Revista de Economía Institucional, Universidad Externado de Colombia - Facultad de Economía, vol. 18(35), pages 229-255, July-Dece.
    7. Echavarría-Soto, Juan José & López, Enrique & Ocampo, Sergio & Rodríguez-Niño, Norberto, 2012. "Choques, instituciones laborales y desempleo en Colombia," Chapters, in: Arango-Thomas, Luis Eduardo & Hamann-Salcedo, Franz Alonso (ed.), El mercado de trabajo en Colombia : hechos, tendencias e instituciones, chapter 18, pages 753-794, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    8. Rafael Puyana, 2010. "El efecto Balassa-Samuelson en Colombia," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 007801, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
    9. Quintero Luis Eduardo, 2006. "The Politics of Market Selection," Revista Desarrollo y Sociedad, Universidad de los Andes – Facultad de Economía – CEDE, June.
    10. Julián VILLAMIL SANCHEZ, 2016. "Cálculo de la Productividad Sectorial en Colombia con Herramientas Insumo-Producto," Archivos de Economía 014585, Departamento Nacional de Planeación.
    11. Jaime Alberto Rendón Acevedo & Paula Andrea Nieto Alemán, 2008. "Comportamiento sectorial de la industria manufacturera en Colombia 1980-2005. Un análisis a partir de datos de panel," Economía, Gestión y Desarrollo 005699, Universidad Javeriana - Cali.
    12. Juan José Echavarría & Iader Giraldo & Fernando Jaramillo, 2019. "Protección y productividad en la industria colombiana, 1993-2011," Borradores de Economia 1082, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    13. Rafael Puyana Martínez-Villalba, 2011. "El efecto Balassa-Samuelson en Colombia," Documentos CEDE 007959, Universidad de los Andes – Facultad de Economía – CEDE.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    productividad; industria; comercio; apalancamiento;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C14 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Semiparametric and Nonparametric Methods: General
    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • D24 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Production; Cost; Capital; Capital, Total Factor, and Multifactor Productivity; Capacity
    • F10 - International Economics - - Trade - - - General
    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill
    • H25 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Business Taxes and Subsidies
    • O54 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Latin America; Caribbean

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