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Productividad laboral, multifactorial y la tasa de cambio real en Colombia

Listed author(s):
  • Sergio Clavijo


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    El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar la evolución de la productividad en Colombia durante el período 1950-89 y establecer su relación con la tasa de cambio real. Se realizan cálculos aproximados sobre las tendencias de largo plazo de la productividad laboral y multifactorial. Posteriormente, se analiza su relación con los salarios reales y la tasa de cambio real (TCR) durante los años 1975-85.Se encontró que la productividad pasó de crecer al 1.9%, en los años 1950-80, a decrecer al 0,7% anual, en el período 1981-89. También se observó un desfase importante entre la evolución de los salarios reales y la productividad. Al involucrar dicho desfase en el cálculo de lo que podría llamarse una TCR-Salarial (Respecto el dólar), no se encuentran ganancias reales superiores al 2% entre 1989 y 1975. Sin embargo, si se realizan ajustes por productividad multifactorial al cálculo tradicional de la TCR-IPM, si se observan ganancias históricas hasta 18% entre 1989 y 1975.

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    Volume (Year): 9 (1990)
    Issue (Month): 17 (June)
    Pages: 73-97

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    Handle: RePEc:col:000107:007602
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