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Productividad industrial en Colombia: Una aplicación de números índices

Author

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  • Carlos Pombo

    ()

Abstract

Este ensayo propone un marco analítico para la medición no paramétrica del cambio técnico a través del residuo de Solow bajo los supuestos tradicionales de competencia perfecta, retornos constantes, optimización de largo plazo de las firmas, y cambio técnico no incorporado. La medición de la productividad total de los factores (PTF) utiliza índices Translog para 94 sectores manufactureros, según la clasificación CIIU, durante 1970 - 1995. La aplicación toma en cuenta la corrección por mejoras en la calidad de los insumos. De esta forma se deja abierta la posibilidad de hacer ajustes al residuo cuando se elimina uno o varios de dichos supuestos. La medición de la oferta de factores se realiza con base en las hipótesis tradicionales. Por otra parte, se propone un ejercicio de inferencia para la medición de las tasas económicas de depreciación por sector industrial y la inferencia de precios de alquiles del capital por tipo de activo, todo con el fin de obtener medidas más rigurosas de las series de acervo de capital fijo.

Suggested Citation

  • Carlos Pombo, 1999. "Productividad industrial en Colombia: Una aplicación de números índices," REVISTA DE ECONOMÍA DEL ROSARIO, UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000151:003386
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    File URL: http://revistas.urosario.edu.co/index.php/economia/article/view/985/884
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    7. Apps, P.F. & Rees, R., 1998. "On the Taxation of Trade Within and Between Households," Papers 337, Australian National University - Department of Economics.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Cambio técnico; productividad total de los factores; índices translog; industria colombiana;

    JEL classification:

    • L6 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing
    • O3 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights

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