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Cadenas globales de valor, crecimiento y protección arancelaria en Colombia

Author

Listed:
  • Juan José Echavarría

    () (Banco de la República de Colombia)

  • Iader Giraldo

    () (Colegio de Estudios Superiores de Administración CESA)

  • Fernando Jaramillo

    () (Universidad del Rosario)

Abstract

Este documento realiza un análisis detallado de la dispersión del arancel en Colombia, evaluando su evolución desde la implementación de la apertura económica en la década de los noventa, y presenta un marco comparativo de los niveles de dispersión del arancel nacional frente al de los países de la región. El análisis de la dispersión del arancel en Colombia, junto con los niveles de este en cada uno de los sectores de la economía nacional, servirán de insumo para la estimación de un arancel menos disperso que permita la incursión de la economía colombiana en las cadenas globales de valor. **** ABSTRACT: The present paper makes a detailed analysis of the tariff dispersion in Colombia, considering its evolution since the implementation of the economic opening in the nineties. The document presents a comparative framework between dispersion levels of the national tariff against that of the countries in the region. The analysis of tariff dispersion in Colombia and the levels of this in each sector of the national economy contributes as input for the estimation of a less dispersed tariff that allows the incursion of the Colombian economy in the global value chains.

Suggested Citation

  • Juan José Echavarría & Iader Giraldo & Fernando Jaramillo, 2019. "Cadenas globales de valor, crecimiento y protección arancelaria en Colombia," Borradores de Economia 1080, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:1080
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Mary Amiti & Jozef Konings, 2007. "Trade Liberalization, Intermediate Inputs, and Productivity: Evidence from Indonesia," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 97(5), pages 1611-1638, December.
    2. Hiau LooiKee & Alessandro Nicita & Marcelo Olarreaga, 2009. "Estimating Trade Restrictiveness Indices," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 119(534), pages 172-199, January.
    3. Helpman, Elhanan, 1995. "Politics and Trade Policy," Foerder Institute for Economic Research Working Papers 275606, Tel-Aviv University > Foerder Institute for Economic Research.
    4. Iader Giraldo Salazar, 2015. "Determinantes de las exportaciones manufactureras de Colombia: un estudio a partir de un modelo de ecuaciones simultáneas," Coyuntura Económica, Fedesarrollo, vol. 45(2), pages 55-99, December.
    5. Panagariya, Arvind & Rodrik, Dani, 1993. "Political-Economy Arguments for a Uniform Tariff," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 34(3), pages 685-703, August.
    6. Hiau Looi Kee & Alessandro Nicita & Marcelo Olarreaga, 2008. "Import Demand Elasticities and Trade Distortions," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 90(4), pages 666-682, November.
    7. Echavarría Juan José & María Angélica Arbeláez & María Fernanda Rosales, 2006. "La productividad y sus determinantes:el caso de la industria colombiana," Revista Desarrollo y Sociedad, Universidad de los Andes - CEDE, June.
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    9. Roberto Junguito & Juan José Perfetti & Alejandro Becerra, 2014. "Desarrollo de la agricultura colombiana," Cuadernos de Fedesarrollo 011565, Fedesarrollo.
    10. Arvind Panagariya, 2002. "Cost of Protection: Where Do We Stand?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 92(2), pages 175-179, May.
    11. W. M. Corden, 1966. "The Structure of a Tariff System and the Effective Protective Rate," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 74, pages 221-221.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Aranceles; importaciones; apertura económica; cadenas globales de valor; tariffs; imports; economic opening; global value chains;

    JEL classification:

    • F10 - International Economics - - Trade - - - General
    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade

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