Cost of Protection: Where Do We Stand?
Economists measure the cost of protection in terms of static efficiency, growth rates and firm- or industry-level productivity effects. This survey is devoted exclusively to the literature on the static efficiency. A key preliminary point to note is that estimates in this literature are not derived econometrically from pre- and post- liberalization data. Instead, they are based on simulations of partial- or general-equilibrium models that are parameterized using estimates from the literature and calibrated around a pre-liberalization base year. This paper explores alternate measures of protection and thei welfare costs.
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Volume (Year): 92 (2002)
Issue (Month): 2 (May)
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- Harry G. Johnson, 1960. "The Cost of Protection and the Scientific Tariff," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 68, pages 327-327.
- Krugman, Paul R., 1979. "Increasing returns, monopolistic competition, and international trade," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 9(4), pages 469-479, November.
- Bhagwati, Jagdish N, 1982. "Directly Unproductive, Profit-seeking (DUP) Activities," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 90(5), pages 988-1002, October.
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