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La estimación del equivalente arancelario de las barreras no arancelarias y de la protección total en Colombia

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  • Jaramillo, Fernando
  • Giraldo, Iader
  • Echavarría, Juan José

Abstract

Este documento utiliza desarrollos metodológicos recientes para la estimación del equivalente arancelario de las barreras no arancelarias en Colombia a un nivel de desagregación de Nandina 10 dígitos. A este mismo nivel de desagregación se estima la protección total, el índice de protección al comercio (TRI) y el índice conjunto de protección al comercio (OTRI). Los resultados muestran un alto grado de sustituibilidad entre la barreras arancelarias y no arancelarias en Colombia, siendo estas últimas un instrumento de protección ampliamente utilizado en los diferentes sectores económicos. Igualmente se evidencia un alto y creciente nivel de protección en Colombia, siendo el sector agropecuario el que presenta un mayor índice de restricción al comercio. Contrario a lo esperado, no parece existir una apertura económica a los mercados internacionales.

Suggested Citation

  • Jaramillo, Fernando & Giraldo, Iader & Echavarría, Juan José, 2019. "La estimación del equivalente arancelario de las barreras no arancelarias y de la protección total en Colombia," Working papers 11, Red Investigadores de Economía.
  • Handle: RePEc:rie:riecdt:11
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Jorge García-García & Enrique Montes-Uribe & Iader Giraldo-Salazar (ed.), 2019. "Comercio exterior en Colombia: política, instituciones, costos y resultados," Books, Banco de la Republica de Colombia, number 2019-isbn:9789586644068.
    2. Jorge García-García & David C. López-Valenzuela & Enrique Montes-Uribe, 2020. "Porqué Colombia no exporta más," Borradores de Economia 1139, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Importaciones; barreras no arancelarias; aranceles; índices de restricción al comercio; apertura económica; proteccionismo;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F10 - International Economics - - Trade - - - General
    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration

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