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Protección y productividad en la industria colombiana, 1993-2011


  • Juan José Echavarría

    () (Banco de la República de Colombia)

  • Iader Giraldo

    () (Colegio de Estudios Superiores de Administración CESA)

  • Fernando Jaramillo

    () (Universidad del Rosario)


Este documento analiza la evolución de la productividad total factorial en la industria colombiana entre 1993 y 2011 haciendo uso de datos a nivel de firma. La determinación de la productividad total factorial es bastante importante debido a sus implicaciones en el crecimiento económico, la innovación y el nivel de ingresos del país. Una vez definida la evolución de la productividad to tal factorial se estudian sus determinantes. Fundamentalmente se consideran especificaciones que evalúan la importancia de la apertura económica y el nivel de concentración de la producción sobre los niveles de productividad. Los resultados muestran un estancamiento en la productividad factorial en la industria manufacturera del país y, además, se identifica una relación directa entre los niveles de incorporación de las firmas a los mercados internacionales y su nivel de productividad. **** ABSTRACT: This document analyzes the evolution of total factor productivity in Colombian industry between 1993 and 2011 using data at the firm level. The determination of total factor productivity is quite important because of its implications for economic growth, innovation and the income levels in the country. Once the evolution of total factor productivity is defined, its determinants are studied. Fundamentally, we considered specifications that evaluate the importance of the economic opening and the level of production concentration on productivity levels. The results show a stagnation in the productivity levels in the manufacturing industry of the country and, in addition, a direct relationship is identified between the firm’s integration levels to international markets and their productivity.

Suggested Citation

  • Juan José Echavarría & Iader Giraldo & Fernando Jaramillo, 2019. "Protección y productividad en la industria colombiana, 1993-2011," Borradores de Economia 1082, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:1082

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    Productividad total factorial; proteccionismo; crecimiento de la productividad; industria; estimación funciones de producción; total factor productivity; protectionism; productivity growth; industry; production function estimation;

    JEL classification:

    • D24 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Production; Cost; Capital; Capital, Total Factor, and Multifactor Productivity; Capacity
    • O47 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Empirical Studies of Economic Growth; Aggregate Productivity; Cross-Country Output Convergence
    • F62 - International Economics - - Economic Impacts of Globalization - - - Macroeconomic Impacts


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