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Firm Entry and Exit and Aggregate Growth

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  • Jose Asturias
  • Sewon Hur
  • Timothy J. Kehoe
  • Kim J. Ruhl

Abstract

Applying the Foster, Haltiwanger, and Krizan (FHK) (2001) decomposition to plant-level manufacturing data from Chile and Korea, we find that the entry and exit of plants account for a larger fraction of aggregate productivity growth during periods of fast GDP growth. Studies of other countries confirm this empirical relationship. To analyze this relationship, we develop a simple model of firm entry and exit based on Hopenhayn (1992) in which there are analytical expressions for the FHK decomposition. When we introduce reforms that reduce entry costs or reduce barriers to technology adoption into a calibrated model, we find that the entry and exit terms in the FHK decomposition become more important as GDP grows rapidly, just as they do in the data from Chile and Korea.

Suggested Citation

  • Jose Asturias & Sewon Hur & Timothy J. Kehoe & Kim J. Ruhl, 2019. "Firm Entry and Exit and Aggregate Growth," Working Papers 19-03R, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, revised 16 Jun 2020.
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fedcwq:190300
    DOI: 10.26509/frbc-wp-201903r
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Entry costs; Entry; Exit; Barriers to technology adoption; Productivity;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E22 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Investment; Capital; Intangible Capital; Capacity
    • O10 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - General
    • O38 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Government Policy
    • O47 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Empirical Studies of Economic Growth; Aggregate Productivity; Cross-Country Output Convergence

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