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The Aggregate and Complementary Impact of Micro Distortions

Listed author(s):
  • Raphael Bergoeing
  • Norman V. Loayza
  • Facundo Piguillem

We explore how regulatory or institutional distortions to resource reallocation limit the ability of developing countries to adopt new technologies. An efficient economy innovates quickly; but when the economy is unable to redeploy resources away from inefficient uses, technological adoption becomes sluggish, growth is reduced, and income lags further behind the leading economy. We use a firm dynamics model to analyze income gaps between the U.S. and several developing countries. For the median country, the model accounts for one-third of the income gap with respect to the U.S., with 60% of the simulated gap explained by firm renewal distortions taken individually and 40% by their interaction.

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File URL: http://www.econ.uchile.cl/uploads/publicacion/07eb0fbf1853db02177b01e516a784425170b49f.pdf
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Paper provided by University of Chile, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number wp338.

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Length: 35 pages
Date of creation: Apr 2011
Handle: RePEc:udc:wpaper:wp338
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.econ.uchile.cl/

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  1. Norman V. Loayza & Facundo Piguillem & Raphael Bergoeing, 2009. "Why Are Developing Countries so Slow in Adopting New Technologies?," 2009 Meeting Papers 779, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  2. Acemoglu, Daron & Cao, Dan, 2015. "Innovation by entrants and incumbents," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 157(C), pages 255-294.
  3. Sangheon Lee & Deirdre McCann & Nina Torm, 2008. "The World Bank's “Employing Workers” index: Findings and critiques – A review of recent evidence," International Labour Review, International Labour Organization, vol. 147(4), pages 416-432, December.
  4. Hopenhayn, Hugo & Rogerson, Richard, 1993. "Job Turnover and Policy Evaluation: A General Equilibrium Analysis," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 101(5), pages 915-938, October.
  5. Olivier Blanchard & Francesco Giavazzi, 2003. "Macroeconomic Effects of Regulation and Deregulation in Goods and Labor Markets," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 118(3), pages 879-907.
  6. Riccardo DiCecio & Levon Barseghayn, 2009. "Entry Costs, Misallocation, and Cross-Country Income and TFP Differences," 2009 Meeting Papers 428, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  7. Markus Poschke, 2010. "The Regulation of Entry and Aggregate Productivity," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 120(549), pages 1175-1200, December.
  8. Bergoeing, Raphael & Loayza, Norman & Repetto, Andrea, 2004. "Slow recoveries," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 75(2), pages 473-506, December.
  9. Hopenhayn, Hugo A, 1992. "Entry, Exit, and Firm Dynamics in Long Run Equilibrium," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 60(5), pages 1127-1150, September.
  10. Samaniego, Roberto M., 2006. "Industrial subsidies and technology adoption in general equilibrium," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 30(9-10), pages 1589-1614.
  11. Jeffrey Campbell, 1998. "Entry, Exit, Embodied Technology, and Business Cycles," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 1(2), pages 371-408, April.
  12. Caballero, Ricardo J & Hammour, Mohamad L, 1994. "The Cleansing Effect of Recessions," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 84(5), pages 1350-1368, December.
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