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The Three-Way Linkages Between Export, Import And Economic Growth: New Evidence From Tunisia

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  • Sayef Bakari

    (PhD Student, Department of Economics Science, LIEI, Faculty of Economic Sciences and Management of Tunis (FSEGT), University Of Tunis El Manar, Tunisia)

Abstract

This study investigates the nexus between exports, imports and economic growth in Tunisia using annual time series data for the period 1965 - 2016 by implementing cointegration analysis and vector error correction model. The empirical results show that in the long run (i) exports affect negatively on economic growth, (ii) imports have positive effect on economic growth, (iii) economic growth have positive effect on exports, and imports have positive effect on exports. However in the short run empirical results show that there is (i) bi-directional causal relationship between exports and economic growth, (ii) uni-directional causal relationship from exports to imports, (iii) uni-directional causal relationship from imports to economic growth. These results provide evidence that imports and exports are necessary in Tunisia's economy and are presented as an engine of growth since they cause economic growth in the short term. But exports are not carried out and treated with a solid and fair manner according to their negative effect on economic growth in the long run, which offer new insights into Tunisia’s openness policy for promoting economic growth.

Suggested Citation

  • Sayef Bakari, 2017. "The Three-Way Linkages Between Export, Import And Economic Growth: New Evidence From Tunisia," Journal of Smart Economic Growth, , vol. 2(3), pages 13-53, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:seg:012016:v:2:y:2017:i:3:p:13-53
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    127. Yutaka KURIHARA, 2015. "Debt and Economic Growth: The Case of Japan," Journal of Economics Library, KSP Journals, vol. 2(2), pages 45-52, June.
    128. Nasreen, Samia & Anwar, Sofia, 2014. "Causal relationship between trade openness, economic growth and energy consumption: A panel data analysis of Asian countries," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 69(C), pages 82-91.
    129. Bakari, Sayef & MABROUKI, Mohamed, 2016. "La Relation entre la Croissance Economique, les Exportations et les Importations en Maroc : Une Validation Empirique Basée sur des Techniques de Modélisation VAR et de Causalité au Sens de Granger ," MPRA Paper 76440, University Library of Munich, Germany.
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    Cited by:

    1. Bakari, Sayef, 2019. "Do Agricultural Raw Materials Imports Cause Agricultural Growth? Empirical Analysis from North Africa," Bulletin of Economic Theory and Analysis, BETA Journals, vol. 4(2), pages 65-77, December.
    2. Bakari, Sayef, 2018. "The Impact Of Citrus Exports On Economic Growth: Empirical Analysis From Tunisia," International Journal of Food and Agricultural Economics (IJFAEC), Alanya Alaaddin Keykubat University, Department of Economics and Finance, vol. 6(1), January.
    3. Bakari, Sayef & Tiba, Sofien, 2020. "Agricultural Exports, Agricultural Imports and Economic Growth in China," MPRA Paper 114415, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Sayef Bakari, 2017. "The Impact of Vegetables Exports on Economic Growth in Tunisia," Economic Research Guardian, Weissberg Publishing, vol. 7(2), pages 72-87, December.
    5. Bakari, Sayef & Fakraoui, Nissar & Mabrouki, Mohamed, 2020. "The Contribution of Domestic Investment, Exports and Imports on Economic Growth: A Case Study of Peru," MPRA Paper 99041, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. Bakari, Sayef & Khalfallah, Sirine & Zidi, Ahmed, 2021. "The Determinants of Agricultural Exports: Empirical Validation for the Case of Tunisia," International Journal of Food and Agricultural Economics (IJFAEC), Alanya Alaaddin Keykubat University, Department of Economics and Finance, vol. 9(3), October.
    7. Kirsten Martinus & Thomas Sigler & Iacopo Iacopini & Ben Derudder, 2021. "The brokerage role of small states and territories in global corporate networks," Growth and Change, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 52(1), pages 12-28, March.
    8. Sayef Bakari & Mohamed Mabrouki & Abdelhafidh Othmani, 2018. "The Six Linkages Between Foreign Direct Investment, Domestic Investment, Exports, Imports, Labor Force And Economic Growth: New Empirical And Policy Analysis From Nigeria," Journal of Smart Economic Growth, , vol. 3(1), pages 25-43, Juin.
    9. Bakari, Sayef, 2022. "The Nexus between Domestic Investment and Economic Growth in Developed Countries: Do Exports matter?," MPRA Paper 114394, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    10. Sayef Bakari & Mohamed Mabrouki, 2017. "The Effect Of Agricultural Exports On Economic Growth In South-Eastern Europe: An Empirical Investigation Using Panel Data," Journal of Smart Economic Growth, , vol. 2(4), pages 49-64, December.
    11. Cristian Dragos Turcan & Viorel - Costin Banta & Sabin – Alexandru Babeanu, 2021. "Initiation And Planning Of An Information System. A Case Study," Annals of University of Craiova - Economic Sciences Series, University of Craiova, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, vol. 1(49), pages 43-48, August.
    12. Sayef Bakari & Mohamed Mabrouki, 2019. "The Relationship Between Economic Growth, Exports And Imports In Morocco: An Empirical Validation Based On Var Modeling Techniques And Causality In The Meaning Of Granger," Journal of Smart Economic Growth, , vol. 4(3), pages 47-55, December.
    13. Sayef Bakari, 2017. "Appraisal of Trade Potency on Economic Growth in Sudan: New Empirical and Policy Analysis," Asian Development Policy Review, Asian Economic and Social Society, vol. 5(4), pages 213-225, December.
    14. Sayef Bakari & Mohamed Mabrouki & Asma Elmakki, 2018. "The Nexus Between Industrial Exports And Economic Growth In Tunisia: Empirical Analysis," Journal of Smart Economic Growth, , vol. 3(2), pages 31-53, December.
    15. Bakari, Sayef, 2021. "Are Domestic Investments in Spain a Source of Economic Growth?," MPRA Paper 105526, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    16. Sri Indah Nikensari & NFD Puspitasari & Amin Pujiati, 2020. "Demand and Strategy of Imports in Declining Foreign Exchange Reserves," International Journal of Economics & Business Administration (IJEBA), International Journal of Economics & Business Administration (IJEBA), vol. 0(3), pages 96-110.
    17. Mkadmi, Jamel Eddine & Bakari, Sayef & Msai, Achwak, 2021. "Assessing the Impact of Tax Policies on Economic Growth in Tunisia: New Empirical and Policy Analysis," MPRA Paper 109023, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    18. Bakari, Sayef & El Weriemmi, Malek & Mabrouki, Mohamed, 2022. "The Impact of Digitalization and Trade Openness on Economic Growth: New Evidence from Richest Asian Countries," MPRA Paper 113816, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    19. Bakari, Sayef & Mabrouki, Mohamed, 2018. "The Impact of Agricultural Trade on Economic Growth in North Africa: Econometric Analysis by Static Gravity Model," MPRA Paper 85116, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    20. Bakari, Sayef, 2022. "The Impact of Natural resources, CO2 Emission, Energy use, Domestic Investment, Innovation, Trade and Digitalization on Economic growth: Evidence from 52 African Countries," MPRA Paper 114323, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    21. Bakari, Sayef, 2022. "Relationship among Domestic Investment, Exports and Economic Growth: Evidence form the Case of Greece," MPRA Paper 114418, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    22. Bakari, Sayef, 2017. "Why is South Africa Still a Developing Country?," MPRA Paper 80763, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    23. Bakari, Sayef, 2021. "Reinvest the relationship between exports and economic growth in African countries: New insights from innovative econometric methods," MPRA Paper 108785, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Exports; Imports; Economic growth; Openness Policy; Tunisia;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F0 - International Economics - - General
    • F10 - International Economics - - Trade - - - General
    • F11 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Neoclassical Models of Trade
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • F43 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Economic Growth of Open Economies
    • O47 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Empirical Studies of Economic Growth; Aggregate Productivity; Cross-Country Output Convergence
    • O55 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Africa

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